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Gabriel, Stacey B., et al. 2002. « The Structure of Haplotype Blocks in the Human Genome. » Science 296 : 2225-29.


Gabriele, Tommasina. 2002. «From Prostitution to Transsexuality: Gender Identity and Subversive Sexuality in Dacia Maraini.» MLN 117:241-256.


Gage, Timothy B. 1998. «The Comparative Demography of Primates: With Some Comments on the Evolution of Life Histories.» Annual Review of Anthropology 27:197-221.


Gagnon, J H. 1975. «Sex research and social change.» Archives of Sexual Behavior 4:111-41.


Gagnon, J H. 1988. «Sex research and sexual conduct in the era of AIDS.» Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 1:593-601.


Gainer H. & Wray S., 1994. « Cellular and Molecular Biology of Oxytocin and Vasopressin », pp. 1099-1130 in The Physiology of Reproduction 2nd Edition (E. Knobill & J. Neill eds), Raven Press, New York.


Galifer, R. B., N. Kalfa, et M. P. Guibal. 2004. «Que peut cacher un testicule caché ?: ... ou les pièges cliniques de la cryptorchidie.» Archives de Pédiatrie 11:350-359.


Gallarda, T. et coll. 2001. «Intérêt des tests de personnalité dans le diagnostic différentiel du transsexualisme M-F et du transvestisme bivalentValue of MMPI and Rorschach tests in differentiating M-F transsexuals from transvestites..» Annales médico-psychologiques, revue psychiatrique 159:466-470.


Galton, Francis. 1876. «A Theory of Heredity.» The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 5:329-348.


Gambino, J., Caldwell, B., Dietrich, R., Walot, I., and Kangarloo, H., 1992. « Congenital disorders of sexual differentiation: Mr findings. » AJR (American Journal of Radiology), 158, 363-367.


Gandon, Sylvain, et Sarah P Otto. 2007. «The evolution of sex and recombination in response to abiotic or coevolutionary fluctuations in epistasis.» Genetics 175:1835-53.


Ganfornina, M. D., and D. Sanchez. 1999. Generation of evolutionary novelty by functional shift. BioEssays 21: 432-439.


Gangestad,  SW,  CE Garver-Apgar,  JA Simpson, et  AJ Cousins. 2007. «Changes in women's mate preferences across the ovulatory cycle.» Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology 92:151-163.


Gangestad,  Sw,  Kl Bennett, Et  R Thornhill. 2001. «A Latent Variable Model Of Developmental Instability In Relation To Men's Sexual Behaviour.» Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of London Series B-Biological Sciences 268:1677-1684.


Gangestad,  Sw,  R Thornhill, Et  Ra Yeo. 1994. «Facial Attractiveness, Developmental Stability, And Fluctuating Asymmetry.» Ethology And Sociobiology 15:73-85.


Gangestad,  Sw, Et  Dm Buss. 1993. «Pathogen Prevalence And Human Mate Preferences.» Ethology And Sociobiology 14:89-96.


Gangestad,  SW, et  JA Simpson. 2000. «The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism.» Behavioral And Brain Sciences 23:573-+.


Gangestad,  SW, et  JA Simpson. 2000. «Trade-offs, the allocation of reproductive effort, and the evolutionary psychology of human mating.» Behavioral And Brain Sciences 23:624-644.


Gangestad,  SW, et  R Thornhill. 1997. «The evolutionary psychology of extrapair sex: The role of fluctuating asymmetry.» Evolution And Human Behavior 18:69-88.


Gangestad,  SW, et  R Thornhill. 1998. «Menstrual cycle variation in women's preferences for the scent of symmetrical men.» Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of London Series B-Biological Sciences 265:927-933.


Gangestad,  Sw. 1993. «Sexual Selection And Physical Attractiveness - Implications For Mating Dynamics.» Human Nature-An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective 4:205-235.


Ganobcsik-Williams, Lisa. 1999. « The intellectualism of Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Evolutionary perspectives on race, ethnicity, and class. » In Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Optimist reformer, ed. Jill Rudd and Val Gough. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.


Garamszegi LZ, Pavlova DZ, Eens M, Møller AP. 2006. « The evolution of song in female birds in Europe. » Behav Ecol 18:86-96


Garber, P. A. 1987. «Foraging Strategies among Living Primates.» Annual Review of Anthropology 16:339-364.


Garceau L., Henderson J., Davis L.J., Petrou S., Henderson L.R., McVeigh E., Barlow D.H., Davidson L.L., 2002, « Economic implications of assisted reproductive techniques: a systematic review », Human Reproduction, 17(12), p. 3090-3109.


Garcia-Falgueras, Alicia et coll. 2005. «The role of the androgen receptor in CNS masculinization.» Brain Research 1035:13-23.


García-López, Á. et coll. 2006. «Testicular development and plasma sex steroid levels in cultured male Senegalese sole Solea senegalensis Kaup.» General and Comparative Endocrinology 147:343-351.


Gardey, Delphine. 2005. « La part de l'ombre ou celle des lumières ? » Travail, genre et sociétés, 2 (Nº 14)


Gardey, Delphine. 2006. « Les sciences et la construction des identités sexuées .» Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 3


Gardiner, Judith Kegan. 1987. «Self Psychology as Feminist Theory.» Signs 12:761-780.


Garn, Stanley M. 1957. «Race and Evolution.» American Anthropologist 59:218-224.


Garver-Apgar,  CE,  SW Gangestad, et  R Thornhill. 2008. «Hormonal correlates of women's mid-cycle preference for the scent of symmetry.» Evolution And Human Behavior 29:223-232.


Gasperino, James. 1995. «Androgenic Regulation of Bone Mass in Women.» Clinical Or thopaedics and Related Research 311:278-86.


Gasser, D. L., Silvers, W. K. 1972. « Genetics and immunology of sex-linked antigens. » Advanc. Immunol. 15, 215--256


Gates, A. T. 1961. "Sex Differences in Reading Ability." Elementary School Journal 61:431-4.


Gaudillère, Jean-Paul. 2003. «la fabrique moléculaire du genre:  hormones sexuelles, industrie et médecine avant la pilule», in Les Cahiers du genre nº 34: La distinction entre sexe et genre: une histoire entre biologie et culture, Paris, éd L'Harmattan,.


Gaudillière J.P. 2004. « On ne naît pas homme… À propos de la construction biologique du masculin » Mouvements, 31, 15-23.


Gaudry,A./ Animaux fossiles et géologie de l'Attique d'après les recherches faites en 1855-56 et 1860 sous les auspices de l'Académiedessciences, Savy, Paris, 1862-67, 2vols, pp. 474-477.


Gauruder-Burmester, Annett, Pathena Koutouzidou, et Ralf Tunn. 2009a. «Effect of vaginal polypropylene mesh implants on sexual function.» European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 142:76-80.


Gavaghan, Helen. 2000. «Le choix du sexe.» Biofutur 2000:8.


Gavrilets, S. 2000. «Rapid evolution of reproductive barriers driven by sexual conflict.» Nature 403:886-9.


Gayon, J . 2006. « Les reconstructions phylogénétiques dans les Annales De Paléontologie(1906-1950).Comparaison avec d'autres revues françaises. » Annales de Paléontologie 92223-234.


Gayon, J. «Theparamount power of selection: FromDarwin to Kauffman.» in: M.L. DallaChiara, K. Doets, D. Mundici, J. van Benthem (Eds.), Structures and Norms in Science, Volume Two Of the Tenth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Kluwer, Dordrecht,1997,pp.265-282.


Gearhart, J. P., and Rock, J. A., 1989. « Total ablation of the penis after circumcision with electocautery: A method of management and long term follow-up. » Journal of Urology, 14, 799-801.


Gearhart, J. P., Burnett, A., and Owen, J., 1995. « Measurement of evoked potentials during feminizing genitoplasty: Technique and applications. » Journal of Urology, 153 (February), 486-487.


Geary,  DC,  J Vigil, et  J Byrd-Craven. 2004. «Evolution of human mate choice.» Journal Of Sex Research 41:27-42.


Geary,  DC,  M Rumsey,  CC BowThomas, et  MK Hoard. 1995. «Sexual jealousy as a facultative trait: Evidence from the pattern of sex differences in adults from China and the United States.» Ethology And Sociobiology 16:355-383.


Geary,  Dc. 1995. «Sexual Selection And Sex-Differences In Spatial Cognition.» Learning And Individual Differences 7:289-301.


Geary, David C, et Mark V Flinn. 2002. «Sex differences in behavioral and hormonal response to social threat: commentary on Taylor et al. 2000.» Psychological Review 109:745-50; discussion 751-3.


Geary, David C. 2003. «Sexual selection and human life history.» Pp. 41-101 dans, vol. Volume 30. JAI


Geary, David C. 2006. «Sex differences in social behavior and cognition: Utility of sexual selection for hypothesis generation.» Hormones and Behavior 49:273-275.


GEIS, F.L. 1993. «Self-fulfilling prophecies: Asocial psychological view of gender.» in A.E. Beall et R.J. Sternberg (éds), The Psychology of Gender, p.9-54, New York, Guilford Press.


Genel, M., 2000. « Gender verification no more? » Medscape Women's Health, 5 (3). Available from:


George F, Wilson J. 1994. « Sex determination and differentiation. » In: Knobil E, Neill J, editors. The physiology of reproduction, Vol. 1. New-York: Raven Press; p. 3-28.


George, K. P., Polani, P. E. 1970. « Y heteroehromatin and XX males. » Nature (Lond.) 228, 1215-1216


George, L K, G G Fillenbaum, et E Palmore. 1984. «Sex differences in the antecedents and consequences of retirement.» Journal of Gerontology 39:364-71.


Gerlach UJ, Lierse W. 1992. « Functional construction of the sacroiliac ligamentous apparatus. » Acta Anat (Basel) 144(2):97-102.


German, J., Simpson, J. L., Chaganti, R. S., Summitt, R. L., Reid, L. B., and Merkatz, I. R., 1978. « Genetically determined sex-reversal in 46,xy humans. » Science, 202 (4363), 53-56. Available from:


Gerven, Dennis P. Van, et Gail B. Oakland. 1973. «Univariate and Multivariate Statistical Model in the Analysis of Human Sexual Dimorphism.» The Statistician 22:256-268.


Gery,  I,  R Miljkovitch,  S Berthoz, et  R Soussignan. 2009. «Empathy and recognition of facial expressions of emotion in sex offenders, non-sex offenders and normal controls.» Psychiatry Research 165:252-262.


Gesquiere, Laurence R., Emmanuel O. Wango, Susan C. Alberts, et Jeanne Altmann. 2007. «Mechanisms of sexual selection: Sexual swellings and estrogen concentrations as fertility indicators and cues for male consort decisions in wild baboons.» Hormones and Behavior 51:114-125.


Getty, Thomas. 2003. «A myopic view of sexual selections.» Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18:108-109.


Ghabrial, F., and Girgis, S., 1962. « Reorientation of sex: Report of two cases. » 7, International Journal of Fertility and Sterility, 249-252.


Ghali, S.A., Gottlieb, B., Lumbroso, R., Beitel, L.K., Elhaji, Y., Wu, J., Pinsky, L., Trifiro, M.A., 2003. « The use of androgen receptor amino/carboxyl-terminal interaction assays to investigate androgen receptor gene mutations in subjects with varying degrees of androgen insensitivity. » J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 88 (5), 2185-2193.


Ghiselin,  MT. 1996. «Differences in male and female cognitive abilities: Sexual selection of division of labor?.» Behavioral And Brain Sciences 19:254-&.


Ghiselin,  MT. 1998. «The descent of love: Darwin and the theory of sexual selection in American fiction, 1871-1926.» History And Philosophy Of The Life Sciences 20:358-359.


Ghiselin, Michael T. 1966. «On Semantic Pitfalls of Biological Adaptation.» Philosophy of Science 33:147-153.


Giami A. 1999. « Cent ans d'hétérosexualité. » Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales, 128, 38-45.


Giami A., Colomby P. de. 2001. « Profession sexologue ? » Sociétés Contemporaines, 41-42, 41-63.


Giami, Alain, et Patrick de Colomby. 2003. «Sexology as a profession in France.» Archives of Sexual Behavior 32:371-9.


Gianotten, W.L. 2007. «Sexuality in the palliative-terminal phase of cancer.» Sexologies 16:299-303.


Gibbard, Allan. 2001. «Living with Meanings: A Human Ecology.» Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75:59-78.


Gibson, C J, et B Caplan. 1982. «Mixing sexes on a rehabilitation unit.» Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 63:386-7.


Giese, K., Pagel, J., Grosschedl, R., 1994. «Distinct DNA-binding properties of the high mobility group domain of murine and human SRY sex-determining factors.» Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 91, 3368-3372.


Gijs, Luk, et Louis Gooren. 1996. «Hormonal and Psychopharmacological Interventions in the Treatment of Paraphilias: An Update.» The Journal of Sex Research 33:273-290.


Gilad Y. Wiebe V., Przeworski M., Lancet D. & Pääbo S., 2004. « Loss of Olfactory Receptor Genes Coincides with the Acquisition of Full Trichromatic Vision in Primates », PloS Biology, 2 : 849-855.


Gilad Y., Man O., Pääbo S., & Lancet D., 2003. « Human Specific Loss of Olfactory Receptor Genes », Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 100 : 3324-3327.


Gilbert, D. A., Williams, M. W., Horton, C. E., Terzis, J. K., Winslow, B. H., Gilbert, D., and Devine Jr., C. J., 1988. « Phallic reinnervation via the pudendal nerve. » Journal of Urology, 140, 295-299.


Gilbert, L., E. Bulmer, K.E. Arnold, et J.A. Graves. 2007. «Yolk androgens and embryo sex: Maternal effects or confounding factors?.» Hormones and Behavior 51:231-238.


Gilbert, S F. 1995. «Resurrecting the body: Has portmodernism had any effect on biology?.» Science in Context 8:563-77.


Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. 1999. « "Fecundate! Discriminate!" Charlotte Perkins Gilman and the theologizing of maternity. » In Charlotte Perkins Gilman: Optimist reformer, ed. Jill Rudd and Val Gough. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.


Gilbert, Scott F. 1991. «"Induction and the Origin of Developmental Genetics." In A Conceptual History of Modern Biology. Developmental Biology: A Comprehensive Synthesis, ed. Scott F. Gilbert, vol. 7, 181-206. New York: Plenum Press.


Gill, Rosalind, & Grint, Keith (1995). «The gender-technology relation: Contemporary theory and research. An introduction.» In Keith Grint, & Rosalind Gill (Eds.), The gender-technology relation. Contemporary theory and research ( pp. 1 - 29 ). London: Taylor and Francis.


Gillepsie WH. 1952. «Notes on the analysis of sexual perversions.» Int J Psychoan  XXXIII(4):399-402.


Gilman, Sander L. 1985. «Black Bodies, White Bodies: Toward an Iconography of Female Sexuality in Late Nineteenth-Century Art, Medicine, and Literature.» Critical Inquiry 12:204-242.


Gilman, Sander L. 1987. «The Struggle of Psychiatry with Psychoanalysis: Who Won?.» Critical Inquiry 13:293-313.


Gilmore, D. G. 1967. « Histocompatibility antigen in the heterogametic sex in the chicken. » Transplantation 5, 699--706


Gilmour JC, Burns Y. 2001. « The measurement of the medial longitudinal arch in children. » Foot Ankle Int  June;22(6):493-8.


Gilsanz V, Boechat MI, Gilsanz R, et al. 1994. « Gender differences in vertebral sizes in adults: biomechanical implications. » Radiology 190(3):678-82.


Giltay, Jacques C. et coll. 1998. «Polymorphic Detection of a Parthenogenetic Maternal and Double Paternal Contribution to a 46,XX/46,XY Hermaphrodite.» The American Journal of Human Genetics 62:937-940.


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Gladue, B.A., Green, R., Hellman, R.E., 1984. « Neuroendocrine response to estrogen and sexual orientation. » Science 225 (4669), 1496-1499.


Gladue, Brian A. 1983. «Hormones, Psychosexuality, and Reproduction: Biology, Brain, and Behavior.» Politics and the Life Sciences 2:86-88.


Glasgow, Joshua M. 2003. «On the New Biology of Race.» The Journal of Philosophy 100:456-474.


Glass, S.J., and Johnson, R.W. 1944. « Limitations and complications of organotherapy in male homosexuality. » Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 4:550-554.


Glassberg, K. I., 1998. « The intersex infant: Early gender assignment and surgical reconstruction. » J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol, 11 (3), 151-154. Available from:


Glassberg, K. I., and Laungani, G., 1981. « Reduction clitoroplasty. » Urology, 17 (6), 604-605.


Glassberg, K., 2004. « Long-term outcome of xy intersex individuals raised either male or female. » Current Urology Reports, 5 (2), 125-126.


Gledhill, B. L. 1988. « Gender preselection: Historical, technical and ethical perspectives. » Seminars in Reproductive Endocrinology, 6(4), 385-395.


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Gloria-Bottini, Fulvia. et coll. 2007. «Sex Differences in Body Fat Parameters from the Early Reproductive to the Postreproductive Period of Life: A Multivariate Analysis.» Human Biology 79:373-379.


Glover, J. 1995. « Comments on some ethical issues in sex selection. » In: C. Sureau, & F Shenfield (Eds.), Ethical aspects of human reproduction (pp. 305-313). Pans: John Libbey Eurotext.


Glymour, Bruce. 2006. «Wayward Modeling: Population Genetics and Natural Selection.» Philosophy of Science 73:369-389.


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Godano A, Massara D, Grassi G, Genovese MG, Cavallotti GP, Bocchini R. 1990. « Male transsexualism and hormonal therapy: radiologic pictures of the breast. » Arch Ital Urol Nefrol Androl;62:107-11.


Goddard, Matthew R, H Charles J Godfray, et Austin Burt. 2005. «Sex increases the efficacy of natural selection in experimental yeast populations.» Nature 434:636-40.


Godfrey-Smith, Peter. 2000. «On the Theoretical Role of "Genetic Coding".» Philosophy of Science 67:26-44.


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Goidberg, Elkhonon, Richard Hernen, Mark Lovell, Kenneth Podell, and Silvana Riggio. 1994. "Cognitive Bias, Functional Cortical Geometry and the Frontal Lobes: Laterality, Sex and Handedness."Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 6:276-96


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Goldenberg, Jamie L., Cathy R. Cox, Tom Pyszczynski, Jeff Greenberg, et Sheldon Solomon. 2002. «Understanding Human Ambivalence about Sex: The Effects of Stripping Sex of Meaning.» The Journal of Sex Research 39:310-320.


Goldman, Sharry L., Nancy G. Forger, et Bruce D. Goldman. 2006. «Influence of gonadal sex hormones on behavioral components of the reproductive hierarchy in naked mole-rats.» Hormones and Behavior 50:77-84.


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Goldschmidt, Walter. 1993. «On the Relationship Between Biology and Anthropology.» Man 28:341-359.


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Goldstein, I., and Berman, J., 1998. « Vasculogenic female sexual dysfunction: Vaginal engorgement and clitoral erectile insufficiency syndromes. » International Journal of Impotence Research, 10 (Suppl 2), S84-90+S98-101.


Goldstein, Michael S. 2002. «The Emerging Socioeconomic and Political Support for Alternative Medicine in the United States.» Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 583:44-63.


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Gomendio M., Harcourt A.H. & Roldán E.R.S., 1998. « Sperm Competition in Mammals », pp. 667-755 in Sperm Competition and Sexual Selection (T.R. Birkhead & A.P. Møller eds), Academic Press, Londres.


Gomendio, M., F. García-González, P. Reguera, et A. Rivero. 2008. «Male egg carrying in Phyllomorpha laciniata is favoured by natural not sexual selection.» Animal Behaviour 75:763-770.


Gonzalès, J. 2006. «Histoire du spermatozoïde et mobilité des idées.» Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 34:819-826.


Goodall, J., 1991. « Helping a child to understand her own testicular feminisation. » The Lancet, 337, 33-34. Available from:


Goodkind, Daniel. 1999. «Should Prenatal Sex Selection be Restricted? Ethical Questions and Their Implications for Research and Policy.» Population Studies 53:49-61.


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Goodman, Alan. 2000. « Why Genes Don't Count (for Racial Differences in Health)." American Journal of Public Health 90.11 1699-702.


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Gooren LJ, Giltay EJ, Bunck MC. 2008. « Long-term treatment of transsexuals with cross-sex hormones: extensive personal experience. » J Clin Endocrinol Metab;93:19-25.


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Gorman, M.R., 1994. « Male homosexual desire: neurological investigations and scientific bias. » Perspect. Biol. Med. 38 (1), 61-81.


Gorski, R.A., 2002. « Hypothalamic imprinting by gonadal steroid hormones. » Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 511, 57-70 (discussion 70-3).


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Gove, Walter R., et Michael Hughes. 1980. «Sex Differences in Physical Health and How Medical Sociologists View Illness.» American Sociological Review 45:514-522.


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Gowaty P.A., 1982. « Sexual Terms in Socio-Biology : Emotionally, Evocative, and Paradoxically Jargon », Animal Behaviour, 30 : 630-631.


Gowaty, P. A. & Hubbell, S. P. 2005. « Chance, time allocation and the evolution of adaptively flexible sex role behavior. » Integrative and Comparative Biology, 45, 931-944.


Gowaty, P. A. 2004. « Sex roles, contests for the control of reproduction and sexual selection. » In: Sexual Selection in Primates (Ed. by P. Kappeler), pp. 37-54. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Gowaty, P. A., Drickamer, L. C. & Schmid-Holmes, S. 2003. « Male house mice produce few offspring with lower viability and poorer performance when mated to females they do not prefer. » Animal Behaviour, 65, 95-103.


Gowaty, Patricia Adair. 1995. «False Criticisms of Sociobiology and Behavioral Ecology: Genetic Determinism, Untestability, and Inappropriate Comparisons.» Politics and the Life Sciences 14:174-180.


Gowaty, Patricia Adair. 2003. «Sexual Natures: How Feminism Changed Evolutionary Biology.» Signs 28:901-921.


Goy R. W., Berkovitch F. B., McBrair M. C. 1988. « Behavioral masculinization is independent of genital masculinization in prenatally androgenized female rhesus macaques. » Hormones and Behavior, 22, 552-571.


Goymann, W. & Wingfield, J. C. 2004. « Competing females and caring males. Sex steroids in African black coucals, Centropus grillii. » Animal Behaviour, 68, 733-740.


Grafen A., 1984. « Natural Selection, Kin Selection and Group Selection », in Behavioural Ecology. An Evolutionary Approach (J.R. Krebs & N. B. Davies eds). Blackwell, Oxford.


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Grant, D. B., 1995. « Ethical issues in children with genital ambiguity. » British Journal of Urology, 76 (Suppl 2), 75-78.


Grant, Julia. 2004. «A "Real Boy" and not a Sissy: Gender, Childhood, and Masculinity, 1890-1940.» Journal of Social History 37:829-851.


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