Biosex » Bibliographie » Articles
  • Imprimer cette page




Saaristo, Minna, John A. Craft, Kari K. Lehtonen, Heikki Björk, et Kai Lindström. pas de date. «Disruption of sexual selection in sand gobies (Pomatoschistus minutus) by 17[alpha]-ethinyl estradiol, an endocrine disruptor.»  Hormones and Behavior In Press, Corrected Proof. (Accédé Mars 3, 2009).

Saetre, Glenn-Peter, Torstein Fossnes, et Tore Slagsvold. 1995. «Food Provisioning in the Pied Flycatcher: Do Females Gain Direct Benefits from Choosing Bright-Coloured Males?.»  The Journal of Animal Ecology 64:21-30.

Safran, Rebecca J., et Maren N. Vitousek. 2008. «Evolutionary Biology: Arms Races in the Eye of the Beholder.»  Current Biology 18:R734-R736.

Sagan, D, et L Margulis. 1987. «Cannibal's relief: the origins of sex.»  New Scientist (1971) 115:36-40.

Sagarin B.J., Becker D.V., Guadagno R.E., Nicastle L.D. & Millevoi A. 2003. « Sex Differences (and Similarities) in Jealousy. The Moderating Influence of Infidelity Experience and Sexual Orientation of the Infidelity », Evolution and Human Behavior 24 : 17-23.

Sagarin, Edward. 1975. «Sex Rearing and Sexual Orientation: The Reconciliation of Apparently Contradictory Data.»  The Journal of Sex Research 11:329-334.

Sagehashi, N., 1993. «Clitoroplasty for clitoromegaly due to adrenogenital syndrome without loss of sensitivity» . Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 91 (5), 950-956.

Sahlin, Lena, Hong Wang, Britt Masironi, Arne Holmgren, et Håkan Eriksson. 1999. «Regulation of thioredoxin mRNA in the rat uterus by gonadal steroids.»  The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 68:203-209.

Saidapur, S. K., N. P. Gramapurohit, et B. A. Shanbhag. 2001. «Effect of Sex Steroids on Gonadal Differentiation and Sex Reversal in the Frog, Rana curtipes.»  General and Comparative Endocrinology 124:115-123.

Saint-Hilaire C. 1999. «Le paradoxe de l'identité et le devenir-queer du sujet: de nouveaux enjeux pour la sociologie des rapports sociaux de sexe», Recherches sociologiques, n° 3, pp. 23-42.

Saito, S., and Kumamoto, R. 1989. «The number of spermatogonia in various congenital testicular disorders» . The Journal of Urology, 141 (May), 1166-1168.

Sakai, Ann K., et Timothy A. Burris. 1985. «Growth in Male and Female Aspen Clones: A Twenty-Five-Year Longitudinal Study.»  Ecology 66:1921-1927.

Sakamoto H, Matsuda K-I, Zuloaga DG, Hongu H, Wada E, Wada K, Jordan CL, Breedlove SM, Kawata M. 2008. «Sexually dimorphic gastrin releasing peptide system in the spinal cord controls male reproductive functions» . Nat Neurosci, 11:634-636.

Sali, Andrej, Robert Glaeser, Thomas Earnest, and Wolfgang Baumeister. 2003. «From Words to Literature in Structural Proteins.»  Nature 422(6928):216-55.

Salido, E.C. etal. 1992. «The human enamel protein gene amelogeuin is expressed from both the X and the Y chromosomes» , Am. J. Hum. Genet. 50, 303-316

Salmans, S. 1989, November 16. «When an it is labeled a he or a she» . New York Times, pp. C1-C14.

Salo, P. et al. 1995. «Deletion mapping of stature determinants on the long ann of the Y chromosome» , Hum. Genet. 95, 283-286

Salsabili N, Valojerdy MR, Hogg DA. 1995. «Variations in thickness of articular cartilage in the humansacroiliac joint» . Clin Anat;8(6):388-90.

Salter, William Mackintire. 1908. «A New Type of Naturalism.-Montgomery.»  International Journal of Ethics 19:90-107.

Samuels, Ellen Jean. 2002. «Critical Divides: Judith Butler's Body Theory and the Question of Disability.»  NWSA Journal 14:58-76.

Sanday P.R. 1997. «The socio-cultural context of rape: A cross-cultural study», in L.L.O'Toole et J.R.Schiffman (éds),Gender Violence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives,p.52-66, New York,New York University Press.

Sandberg, D. E., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Hensle, T. W., Levitt, S. B., Kogan, S. J., and Reda, E. F. 2001. «Psychosocial adaptation of middle childhood boys with hypospadias after genital surgery» . Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 26 (465-475).

Sandberg, D. E., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F., et Thomas J. 1993. «Feminine gender role behaviour and academic achievement: Their relation in a community sample of middle childhood boys» . Sex Roles, 29 (1-2), 125-140.

Sandberg, D., Meyer-Bahlburg, H., Aranoff, G. S., Sconzo, J. M., and Hensle, T. W. 1989.»  Boys with hypospadias: A survey of behavioral difficulties» . Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 14 (4), 491-514.

Sandberg, D., Meyer-Bahlburg, H., Yager, T. J., Hensle, T. W., Levitt, S. B., Kogan, S. J., and Reda, E. F. 1995. «Gender development in boys born with hypospadia» . Psychoneuroendocrinology, 20 (6), 000-000.

Sandelands, Lloyd E. 2002. «Male and Female in Organizational Behavior.»  Journal of Organizational Behavior 23:149-165.

Sanders, Barbara, Mary P. Soares, et Jean M. D'Aquila. 1982. «The Sex Difference on One Test of Spatial Visualization: A Nontrivial Difference.»  Child Development 53:1106-1110.

Sanderson, N. et al. 1992. «Variation in mating call across the hybrid zone between the fire- bellied toads Bombina bombinaand Bombina variegate» . Evolution 46, 595-607

Sanderson, Stephen. K. 1990. Social evolutionism: A critical history. Oxford, U. K.: Basil Blackwell. [End Page 54]

Sandfort, T.G. 2005. «Sexual orientation and gender: stereotypes and beyond» . Arch. Sex. Behav. 34 (6), 595-611.

Sane, K. and Pescovitz, O. H. 1992. «The Clitoral Index: A Determination of Clitoral Size in Normal Girls and in Girls with Abnormal Sexual Development» , The Journal of Pediatrics 120(2), 264-66.

Sano, S, et K Aoki. 2002. «Theoretical studies of sexual selection in a finite population.»  Anthropological Science 110:C21        .

Santgiorgi, P. 1937. «Androstine in diseases of women» . Rassegna internaz. di clin. e. temp., 18, 871-874.

Santos, Mauro, Elias Zintzaras, et Eörs Szathmáry. 2003. «Origin of sex revisited.»  Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere: The Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Origin of Life 33:405-32.

Sapino A, Pagani A, Godano A, Bussolati G. 1987. «Effects of estrogens on the testis of transsexuals: a pathological and immunocy-tochemical study» . Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol 411:409-14.

Sapiro, Virginia. 1980. «News from the Front: Intersex and Intergenerational Conflict over the Status of Women.»  The Western Political Quarterly 33:260-277.

Sarasohn, Lisa T. 1984. «A Science Turned Upside down: Feminism and the Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish.»  The Huntington Library Quarterly 47:289-307.

Sardon J.-P. 2002. «Évolution démographique récente des pays développés.», Population, 57(1), p. 123-170.

Sargent, R. C., Gross, M. R. & van den Berghe, E. P. 1986. « Male mate choice in fishes ». Animal Behaviour, 34, 545-550.

Sarkar, Sahotra. 2000. «Information in Genetics and Developmental Biology: Comments on Maynard Smith.»  Philosophy of Science 67:208-213.

Sashin D. 1930. «A critical analysis of the anatomy and the pathologic changes of the sacroiliac joints» . J Bone Joint Surg 12:891-910.

Satchell, J. E. 1967. «Colour Dimorphism in Allolobophora chlorotica Sav. (Lumbricidae).»  The Journal of Animal Ecology 36:623-630.

Satel, Sally L., et Jonathan. Klick. 2005. «The Institutes of Medicine Report: Too Quick to Diagnose Bias.»  Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48:15-S25.

Satel, Sally. 2002. "I Am a Racially Profiling Doctor." New York Times Magazine 3 May 2002: 56-58.

Sato T, Matsumoto T, Kawano H, Watanabe T, Uematsu Y, Sekine K, Fukuda T, Aihara K, Krust A, Yamada T et al. 2004. « Brain masculinization requires androgen receptor function ». Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 101:1673-1678.

Sato, T., and Koizumi, S. 1991. «Effects of fetal androgen on childhood behaviour» . Acta Paediatr Jpn, 33 (5), 639-644.

Sato, Toshihiko. 2004. «Size-dependent sex allocation in hermaphroditic plants: the effects of resource pool and self-incompatibility.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 227:265-275.

Satoh, N. and Egami, N. 1972. «Sex differentiation of germ cells in the teleost, Oryzias latipes, during noraml embryonic development» . J Embryol Exp Morphol 28, 385-95.

Satow R. 1979. «Where has all the hysteria gone?»  Psychoanal Rev 66:463- 78.

Sauer, M. V., Lobo, R. A., and Paulson, R. J. 1989. «Successful twin pregnancy after embryo donation to a patient with xy gonadal dysgenesis» . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 161 (2), 380-381.

Savage, M. O., Blum, W. F., Ranke, M. B., Postel-Vinay, M. C., Cotterill, A. M., Hall, K., Chatelain, M. G., Preece, M. A., and Rosenfeld, R. G. 1993. «Clinical features and endocrine status in patients with growth hormone insensitivity (laron syndrome)» . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 77 (6), 1465-1471.

Savageau, Michelle M., et William W. Beatty. 1981. «Gonadectomy and sex differences in the behavioral responses to amphetamine and apomorphine of rats.»  Pharmacology

Savulescu, Julian. 2001. «In Defense of Selection for Nondisease Genes.»  The American Journal of Bioethics 1:16-19.

Sax, L. 2002. «How common is intersex? A response to anne fausto-sterling» . Journal of Sex Research, 39 (3), 174. Available from:

Saxena, R. et al. 1996. «The DAZgene cluster on the human Y chromosome arose from an autosomal gene that was transposed, repeatedly amplified and pruned» , Nat. Genet. 14, 292-299

Sayag N, Snapir N, Robinzon B, Arnon E, el Halawani ME, Grimm VE. 1989. «Embryonic sex steroids affect mating behavior and plasma LH in adult chickens» . Physiol Behav 45:1107-1112

Sayers, Janet. 1987. «Feminism and science--Reason and passion.»  Women's Studies International Forum 10:171-179.

Sbriccoli P, Solomonow M, Zhou BH, et al. 2005. « Neuromuscular response to cyclic loading of the anterior cruciate ligament» . Am J Sports Med April;33(4):543-51.

Scannell, K. 2001. «Kaiser permanente ethics rounds» . 10 (1), 1-8. Available from:

Scarr, Sandra. 1995. «Psychology Will Be Truly Evolutionary When Behavior Genetics Is Included.»  Psychological Inquiry 6:68-71.

Schacter, Beth. 2001 «About the Society for Women's Health Research.»  Proceedings from the Second Annual Conference on Sex and Gene Expression, March 8-11. Winston-Salem, North Carolina. S I G N S Winter 2005 y 1525

Schafer, A. J. 1995. «Sex determination and its pathology in man» . Adv Genet, 33, 275-329. Available from:

Schaffer, H.-R. 1996. «Social development» . Cambridge : Blackwell Publishers.

Serbin, L. A., Moller, L. C., Gulko, J., Powlishta, K. K., & Colburne, K. A. 1994. «The emergence of gender segregation in toddler playgroups» . In C. Leaper (ed.), Childhood gender segregation : Causes and consequences. New Directions for Child Development, no 65. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass.

Schaffer, William M., et Michael L. Rosenzweig. 1977. «Selection for Optimal Life Histories. II: Multiple Equilibria and the Evolution of Alternative Reproductive Strategies.»  Ecology 58:60-72.

Schaffhausen, J. 2004. «Gender bender: Our sexual identity has little to do with sex organs, researchers find» . Available from:

Schamel, D., Tracy, D. M. et Lank, D. B. 2004. «Male mate choice, male availability and egg production as limitations on polyandry in the red-necked phalarope» . Animal Behaviour, 67, 847-853.

Schaw, Janet. 1992. Journal of a lady of quality; Being a narrative of a journey from Scotland to the West Indies, North Carolina, and Portugal, in the years 1774-1776, ed. Evangeline Andrews. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Scheck, A. 1997, August. «Attitudes changing toward intersex surgery, but for the better?»  Urology Times, 25, 44-45.

Scheck, A., 1998, February. Intersexuality takes a conservative turn. Urology Times, 26, 1,32-33.

Scheck, A. 2001. «Gender assignment: How long should patients wait?»  Urology Times.

Scheib, JE, SW Gangestad, et R Thornhill. 1999a. «Facial attractiveness, symmetry and cues of good genes.»  Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of London Series B-Biological Sciences 266:1913-1917.

Schepers, G.E., Teasdale, R.D., Koopman, P. 2002. «Twenty pairs of Sox: extent, homology, and nomenclature of the mouse and human Sox transcription factor gene families» . Dev. Cell 3, 167-170.

Scherer, Stephen W. 2001. «Cracking the Genome: Inside the Race to Unlock Human DNA.»  The American Journal of Human Genetics 69:242.

Scheurich, Neil. 2000. «Hysteria and the Medical Narrative.»  Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43:461-476.

Schiavi, R. C., Theilgaard, A., Owen, D. R., and White, D. 1984. «Sex chromosome anomalies, hormones, and aggressivity» . Arch Gen Psychiatry, 41 (1), 93-99. Available from:

Schiebinger, Londa L. 1994. «The Culture of Sensibility: Sex and Society in Eighteenth-Century Britain.»  Configurations 2:203-204.

Schiebinger, Londa L. 2004. «Feminist History of Colonial Science.»  Hypatia 19:233-254.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1986. «Skeletons in the Closet: The First Illustrations of the Female Skeleton in Eighteenth-Century Anatomy.»  Representations 42-82.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1987. «Maria Winkelmann at the Berlin Academy: A Turning Point for Women in Science.»  Isis 78:174-200.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1988. «Feminine Icons: The Face of Early Modern Science.»  Critical Inquiry 14:661-691.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1988. «Reply to Rose.»  Signs 13:380-384.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1990. «The Anatomy of Difference: Race and Sex in Eighteenth-Century Science.»  Eighteenth-Century Studies 23:387-405.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1993. «Why Mammals are Called Mammals: Gender Politics in Eighteenth-Century Natural History.»  The American Historical Review 98:382-411.

Schiebinger, Londa. 1997. «Creating Sustainable Science.»  Osiris 12:201-216.

Schiebinger, Londa. 2000. «Has Feminism Changed Science?.»  Signs 25:1171-1175.

Schiebinger, Londa. 2003. «Skelettestreit.»  Isis 94:307-313.

Schiebinger, Londa. 2005. «Agnotology and Exotic Abortifacients: The Cultural Production of Ignorance in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World.»  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 149:316-343.

Schiebinger, Londa. 2005. «Forum Introduction: The European Colonial Science Complex.»  Isis 96:52-55.

Schiff P, Mareschal P. 1931. « Hérédité psychopathique et stérilisation eugénique ». Annales Médico-Psychologiques 1: 71-7.

Schlatterer K, Yassouridis A, von Werder K, Poland D, Kemper J, Stalla GK. 1998. «A follow-up study for estimating the effecti- veness of a cross-gender hormone substitution therapy on transsexual patients» . Archives of Sexual Behavior 27(5): 475-92.

Schlinger BA, Fivizzani AJ, Callard GV. 1989. «Aromatase, 5α- and 5β-reductase in brain, pituitary and skin of the sex-role reversed Wilson's phalarope» . J Endocrinol 122:573-581

Schlinger BA, London SE. 2006. «Neurosteroids and the songbird model system» . J Exp Zool 305:743-748

Schluter, D. and Price, T. 1993. «Honesty, perception and population divergence in sexually selected traits» . Proc. R. Soc. London B Biol. Sci. 253, 117-122

Schmahl, J., Capel, B. 2003. «Cell proliferation is necessary for the determination of male fate in the gonad» . Dev. Biol. 258, 264-276.

Schmahl, J., Eicher, E.M., Washburn, L.L., Capel, B. 2000. «Sry induces cell proliferation in the mouse gonad» . Development 127, 65-73.

Schmitt D.P. 2003. « Universal Sex Differences in the Desire for Sexual Variety : Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands », Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85 : 85-104.

Schmitt-Ney, M., Thiele, H., Kaltwasser, P., Bardoni, B., Cisternino, M., Scherer, G. 1995. «Two novel SRY missense mutations reducing DNA binding identified in XY females and their mosaic fathers» . Am. J. Hum. Genet. 56, 862-869.

Schneider HJ, Pickel S, Stalla GK. 2006. «Typical femal e 2nd-4th finger length (2D:4D) ratios in male-to-female transsexuals - possible implications for prenatal androgen exposure» . Psychoneuro endocrinology 2006;31:265-9.

Schneider, Mary L., Elizabeth C. Roughton, Alyssa J. Koehler, et Gabriele R. Lubach. 1999. «Growth and Development Following Prenatal Stress Exposure in Primates: An Examination of Ontogenetic Vulnerability.»  Child Development 70:263-274.

Schnitzer, J. J., Donahoe, P. K., Tash, J., and Poppas, D. P. 2003. «Single-stage surgical reconstruction for infants with congenital adrenal hyperplasia» . The Endocrinologist, 13 (3), 190-194.

Schober JM, Pfaff D. 2007. «The neurophysiology of sexual arousal» . Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 21:445-461.

Schober, J. M., 1998. «A surgeon's response to the intersex controversy» . J Clin Ethics, 9 (4), 393-397.

Schober, J. M. 1998. «Early feminizing genitoplasty or watchful waiting» . Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 11 (3), 154-156.

Schober, J. M. 1998. «Feminizing genitoplasty for intersex» . In: Stringer, M. D., Oldham, K. T., Mouriquand, P. D. E., and Howard, E. R. eds. Pediatric surgery and urology: Long term outomes. London: W. B. Saunders, 549-558.

Schober, J. M. 1999. «Long-term outcomes and changing attitudes to intersexuality» . BJU International, 83 Suppl 3, 39-50. Available from:

Schober, J. M. 1999. «Quality-of-life studies in patients with ambiguous genitalia» . World Journal of Urology, 17 (4), 249-252.

Schober, J. M. 2001. «Sexual behaviors, sexual orientation and gender identity in adult intersexuals: A pilot study» . J Urol, 165 (6 Pt 2), 2350-2353. Available from:

Schober, J. M. 2004. «Feminizing genitoplasty: A synopsis of issues relating to genital surgery in intersex individuals» . J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab, 17 (5), 697-703. Available from: .

Schober, J. M. 2004. «Sexual quality of life in an intersexual population: A needs assessment» . BJU Int, 93 Suppl 3, 54-56. Available from:

Schober, J. M., Carmichael, P. A., Hines, M., and Ransley, P. G. 2002. «The ultimate challenge of cloacal exstrophy» . J Urol, 167 (1), 300-304. Available from:

Schober, J. M., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F., and Ransley, P. G. 2004. «Self-assessment of genital anatomy, sexual sensitivity and function in women: Implications for genitoplasty» . BJU Int, 94 (4), 589-594. Available from: .

Schoenhaus, Samantha A., Scott E. Lentz, Peter Saber, Malcom G. Munro, et Seth Kivnick. 2008. «Pregnancy in a hermaphrodite with a male-predominant mosaic karyotype.»  Fertility and Sterility 90:2016.e7-2016.e10.

Schonfeld, L. W. A. 1943 «Primary and secondary sexual characteristics: Study of their development in males from birth through maturity, with biometric study of penis and testis» . American Journal of Diseases of Children, 65(4), 535-549

Schover L.R., Thomas A.J., Miller K.F., Falcone T., Attaran M., Goldberg J. 1996. «Preferences for intracytoplasmic sperm injection versus donor insemination in severe male factor infertility: a preliminary report», Human Reproduction, 11(11), p. 2461-2464.

Schradin C., Pillay N. 2004. «The influence of the father on offspring development in the striped mouse», Behavioral Ecology 16:450-455.

Schrag, Stephanie J., G. Tata Ndifon, et Andrew F. Read. 1994. «Temperature-Determined Outcrossing Ability in Wild Populations of a Simultaneous Hermaphrodite Snail.»  Ecology 75:2066-2077.

Schrenck-Notzing Albert F. (von). 1889. «Un cas d'inversion sexuelle amélioré par la guérison hypnotique », in Ier Congrès d'hypnotisme expérimental et thérapeutique : comptes rendus, Paris, Doin.

Schriempf, Alexa. 2001. «(Re)fusing the Amputated Body: An Interactionist Bridge for Feminism and Disability.»  Hypatia 16(4):53-79.

Schrock, Douglas, Lori Reid, et Emily M. Boyd. 2005. «Transsexuals' Embodiment of Womanhood.»  Gender and Society 19:317-335.

Schroder I. 1993. « Concealed Ovulation and Clandestine Copulation : a Female Contribution to Human Evolution », Ethology and Sociobiology, 14 : 381-389.

Schroeder, P. 1994. «Female genital mutilation» . New England Journal of Medicine, 331 (11), 739-740.

Schubert, Glendon, Hayward R. Alker, et Dina Zinnes. 1983. «The Evolution of Political Science: Paradigms of Physics, Biology, and Politics [with Commentaries].»  Politics and the Life Sciences 1:97-124.

Schubert, Glendon. 1987. «Sexual Politics: Some Biosociopsychological Problems.»  Political Psychology 8:61-94.

Schuit S.C, van der K.M, Weel A.E, et al. 2004. « Fracture incidence and association with bone mineral density in elderly men and women: the Rotterdam Study» . Bone January;34(1):195-202.

Schuklenk, Udo, Edward Stein, Jacinta Kerin, et William Byne. 1998. «The Ethics of Genetic Research on Sexual Orientation.»  Reproductive Health Matters 6:134-143.

Schulkin, Jay. 2003. Rethinking Homeostasis: Allostatic Regulation in Physiology and Pathophysiology. Cambridge: mit p, 2003.

Schulman, J. D. 1993. «Ethical issues in gender selection by X/Y sperm separation» . Human Reproduction, 8(10), 1541.

Schultz, Adolph H. 1953. «4. Man's Place Among the Primates.»  Man 53:7-9.

Schultz, Adolph H., et William L. Straus. 1945. «The Numbers of Vertebrae in Primates.»  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 89:601-626.

Schumacher M, Balthazart J. 1983. «The effects of testosterone and its metabolites on sexual behavior and morphology in male and female Japanese quail» . Physiol Behav 30:335-339

Schumacher M, Sulon J, Balthazart J. 1988. «Changes in serum concentrations of steroids during embryonic and post-hatching development of male and female Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)» . J Endocrinol 118:127-134

Schütz, Dolores, et Michael Taborsky. 2005. «The influence of sexual selection and ecological constraints on an extreme sexual size dimorphism in a cichlid.»  Animal Behaviour 70:539-549.

Schwabe, A D, D H Solomon, R J Stoller, Et J P Burnham. 1962. «Pubertal feminization in a genetic male with testicular atrophy and normal urinary gonadotropin.»  The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 22:839-45.

Schwartz D., Mayaux M.J. 1982. «Female fecundity as a function of age: results of artificial insemination in 2193 nulliparous women with azoospermic husbands. Federation CECOS», New England Journal of Medicine, 306(7), p. 404-406.

Schwartz G.T., Miller E.R. & Gunnell G.F. 2005. « Developmental Processes and Canine Dimorphism in Primate Evolution », Journal of Human Evolution, 48 : 97-103.

Schwartz, J.S. 1994. «The Ant And The Peacock - Altruism And Sexual Selection From Darwin To Today - Cronin,H.»  Journal Of The History Of The Behavioral Sciences 30:400-404.

Schwartz, M F, J Money, et K Robinson. 1981. «Biosocial perspectives on the development of the proceptive, acceptive and conceptive phases of eroticism.»  Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy 7:243-55.

Schwartz, Robert S. 2001. "Racial Profiling in Medical Research." New England Journal of Medicine 344.18, 1392-93.

Scott, Anne, Semmens, Lesley, & Willoughby, Lynette. 2001. «Women and the Internet: The natural history of a research project» . In Eileen Green & Alison Adam (Eds.), Virtual gender: Technology, consumption, and identity (pp. 3-27). London: Routledge.

Scott, Anne. 1997. "The Knowledge in Our Bones: Standpoint Theory, Alternative Health and the Quantum Model of the Body." In Science and the Construction of Women, ed. Mary Maynard, 106-25. London: University College London.

Scott, Colin A. 1896a. «Sex and Art.»  The American Journal of Psychology 7:153-226.

Scott, J. E. S. 1987. «The hutson hypothesis: A clinical study» . British Journal of Urology, 60, 74-76.

Scott, Joan W. 1986. "Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis." The American Historical Review 91(5):1053-75.

Scott, Joan. 1999. «Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis»  in Gender and the Politics of History. New York: Columbia University Press.

Scribner, Charity. 2003. «Second World, Second Sex, and Literature on the European Left.»  Comparative Literature 55:217-228.

Scull A, Favreau D. 1987. « Médecine de la folie ou folie des médecins. Controverse à propos de la chirurgie sexuelle au XIXe siècle ». Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales; 68: 31-44.

Scully, R. E. 1970. « Gonadoblastoma: A review of 74 cases ». Cancer, 25 (6), 1340-1356.

Scutt,  D, et  JT Manning. 1996. «Symmetry and ovulation in women.»  Human Reproduction 11:2477-2480.

Seabrook, C. 1991. «Lawyers: $22.8 million to be paid over botched circumcision» . The Atlanta Constitution, March 12 p. 1.

Seaman Barbara. 1969. The Doctors' Case Against the Pill. P.H. Wyden, New York.

Seaman, William M. 1937. «Some Ancient Examples of Change of Sex.»  The Classical Journal 32:494-496.

Searcy, W.A., et S. Nowicki. 2009. «Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Animal Signals.»  Pp. 769-776 dans Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Oxford: Academic Press (Accédé Mars 3, 2009).

Searcy, William A., et Malte Andersson. 1986. «Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Song.»  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 17:507-533.

Sears, James T. 1989. «The Impact of Gender and Race on Growing up Lesbian and Gay in the South.»  NWSA Journal 1:422-457.

Seckl, J. R., and Miller, W. L. 1997. «How safe is long-term prenatal glucocorticoid treatment? [see comments]» . Jama, 277 (13), 1077-1079.

Seddon, B. M., & McManus, I. C. 1991. The incidence of lefthandedness: A meta-analysis. Unpublished manuscript, Department of Psychology, University College London.

Sedinger, Tracey. 2002. «Nation and Identification: Psychoanalysis, Race, and Sexual Difference.»  Cultural Critique 40-73.

Seehausen, O. and van Alphen, J.M. 1999. «Can sympatric speciation by disruptive sexual selection explain rapid evolution of cichlid diversity in Lake Victoria?»  Ecol. Lett.2, 262-271 Via, S. (2001) Seeman E. 2003. «The structural and biomechanical basis of the gain and loss of bone strength in women and men» . Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am March;32(1):25-38.

Seeman, E. 1997. «Perspective: From Density to Structure: Growing Up and Growing Old on the Sur faces of Bone.»  Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 12(4):509-21.

Seeman, E. 1998. «Editorial: Growth in Bone Mass and Size-Are Racial and Gender Differences in Bone Mineral Density More Apparent than Real?»  Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83(5):1414-19.

Seeman, E. 1999. «The Str uctural Basis of Bone Fragility in Men.»  Bone 25(1): 143-47.

Seikowski. 2007. «Psychotherapy and transexualism» . Andrologia 39:248-52.

Sekido, R., Bar, I., Narvaez, V., Penny, G., Lovell-Badge, R. 2004. «SOX9 is up-regulated by the transient expression of SRY specifically in Sertoli cell precursors» . Dev. Biol. 274, 271-279.

Seldes R.M, Tan V, Hunt J, et al. 2001. «Anatomy, histologic features, and vascularity of the adult acetabular labrum» . Clin Orthop Relat Res January;(382):232-40.

Semba, I., Nonaka, K., Takahashi, I., Takahashi, K., Dashner, R., Shum, L., Nuckolls, G.H., Slavkin, H.C. 2000. «Positionally-dependent chondrogenesis induced by BMP4 is co-regulated by Sox9 and Msx2» . Dev. Dyn. 217, 401-414.

Sengoopta, Chandak. 1998. «Glandular Politics: Experimental Biology, Clinical Medicine, and Homosexual Emancipation in Fin-de-Siecle Central Europe.»  Isis 89:445-473.

Senior, C, A Lau, et MJR Butler. 2007a. «The effects of the menstrual cycle on social decision making.»  International Journal Of Psychophysiology 63:186-191.

Seradge H, Jia YC, Owens W. 1995. «In vivo measurement of carpal tunnel pressure in the functioning hand» . J Hand Surg [Am] September;20(5):855-9.

Serbin L. A., Poulin-Dubois D., Colburne K.A.,Sen M.G., Eteichstedt J.A. 2001. «Gender stereotyping in infancy: Visual preferences for and knowledge of gen- der-stereotyped toys in the second year», International Journal of Behavioral Development, n°25,p.7-15.

Serbin LA, Sprafkin C. 1986. «The salience of gender and the process of sex typing in three- to seven-year-old children» . Child Dev 57:1188-99.

Serbin L. A., Poulin-Dubois D. et Eichstedt J.A. 2002. «Infants'responses to gender-inconsistent events», Infancy, n°3, p.531- 542.

Serbin, L. A., Connor, J. M., Burchardt, C. J., & Citron, C. C. 1979. «Effects of peer presence on sex typing of children's play behaviour» . Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 27, 303-309.

Serpell, JA. 2002. «Anthropomorphism and anthropomorphic selection - Beyond the "cute response".»  Society & Animals 10:437-454.

Servier J. 1901. « La peine de mort remplacée par la castration ». Archives d'anthropologie criminelle 16: 129-41.

Servin, A., Bohlin, G., & Berlin, L. 1999. « Sex differences in 1, 3, and 5 years-olds' toy-choice in a structured play session» . Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 40, 43-48.

Sesardic, Neven. 2000. «Philosophy of Science That Ignores Science: Race, IQ and Heritability.»  Philosophy of Science 67:580-602.

Sevely, J. 1988. «The male clitoris» . American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 159 (2), 533-534.

Severin, Laura, et Mary. Wyer. 2000. «The Science and Politics of the Search for Sex Differences: Editorial.»  NWSA Journal 12:vii-xvi.

Seward, G.H., et J.P. Seward. 1937. «Internal and external determinants of drives.»  Psychological Review 44:349-363.

Seward, J.P., et G.H. Seward. 1937. «Psychological effects of estrogenic hormone therapy in the menopause.»  Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 24:377-392.

Sweigart, S., and Cohen, A. Boston (dir.). 2001. «Sex unknown» . WGBH 1-800-255-9424. October 30. Available from:

Shackelford T.K., Schmitt D.P. et Buss D.M. 2005. « Universal Dimensions of Human Mate Preferences », Personality and Individual Differences, 39 : 447-458.

Shah, R., Woolley, M., and Costin, G., 1992. Testicular feminization: The androgen insensitivity syndrome. J Pediatr Surg, 27 (6), 757-760.

Shahid, M., Dhillion, V.S., Jain, N., Hedau, S., Diwakar, S., Sachdeva, P., Batra, S., Das, B.C., Husain, S.A. 2004. «Two new novel point mutations localized upstream and downstream of the HMG box region of the SRY gene in three Indian 46,XY females with sex reversal and gonadal tumour formation» . Mol. Hum. Reprod. 10, 521-526.

Shakespeare, T., and M. Erickson. 2001. «Different strokes: Beyond biological determinism and social constructionism» . In Alas poor Darwin, ed. H. Rose and S. Rose, 190-206. London: Vintage. [End Page 584]

Shakin, M., Shakin, D., et Sternglanz, S. H. 1985. «Infant clothing: Sex labeling for strangers» . Sex Roles, 12, 955-964.

Shan Z, Zabel B, Trautmann U, Hillig U, Ottolenghi C, Wang Y, Haaf T. 2000. «FISH mapping of the sex-reversal region on human chromosome 9p in two XY females and in primates» . Europ J Hum Genet 8:167-73.

Shannon, Christopher. 2000. «Sex, Science, and History.»  Journal of Policy History 12:265-278.

Shapin, S. 1999. «The house of experiment in 17th century England» . In The science studies reader, ed. Mario Biagioli, 479-504. New York: Routledge.

Shapiro, Bernard H. 1985. «A paradox in development: Masculinization of the brain without receptors» . Prog. Clin. Biol. Res. (US), 171, 151-173.

Sharma V., Allgar V., Rajkhowa M. 2002. «Factors influencing the cumulative conception rate and discontinuation of in vitro fertilization treatment for infertility», Fertility and Sterility, 78(1), p. 40-46.

Sharon E. Preves. 2002. «Sexing the Intersexed: An Analysis of Sociocultural Responses to Intersexuality.»  Signs 27:523-556.

Sharon Kingsland. 1988. «Evolution and Debates Over Human Progress from Darwin to Sociobiology.»  Population and Development Review 14:167-198.

Sharp P. 1982. «Sex chromosome pairing during male meiosis in marsupials» , Chromosoma 86, 27-47.

Sharp, Henry S. 1986. «Darwin and Sociobiology: A Reply to Turke.»  American Anthropologist 88:155-156.

Sharp, Lesley A. 2000. «The Commodification of the Body and Its Parts.»  Annual Review of Anthropology 29:287-328.

Sharp, Malcolm. 1949. «Biology and Law.»  The University of Chicago Law Review 16:403-413.

Sharp, R. J., Holder, T. M., Howard, C. P., and Grunt, J. A. 1987. «Neonatal genital reconstruction» . J Pediatr Surg, 22 (2), 168-171.

Sharpe R.M, Skakkebaek N.E. 1993. «Are oestrogens involved in falling sperm counts and disorders of the male reproductive tract?»  Lancet 341: 1392-5.

Sharpe R.M. 2006. «Pathways of endocrine disruption during male sexual differentiation and masculinization» . Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 20:91-110.

Sharps, Mathew, Jana Price, and John Williams. 1994. "Spatial Cognition and Gender: Instructional and Stimulus Influences on Mental Image Rotation Performance." Psychology of Women Quarterly 18(3):413-25.

Shartel, Burke. 1926. «Sterilization of Mental Defectives.»  Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology 16:537-554.

Shaw, David F. 1997. «Gay men and computer communication: A discourse of sex and identity in cyberspace» . In Steven G. Jones (Ed.), Virtual culture: Identity and communication in cybersociety (pp. 133-145). London: Sage.

Shaw, K.L. 2000 S» pecific genetics of mate recognition: inheritance of female acoustic preference in Hawaiian crickets» . Evolution 54, 1303-1312

Shaw, M. 1980. «Preconception and prenatal tests» . In: A. Milunsky, & A. Annas (Eds.), Genetics and the law II. New York: Plenum Press.

Shawlot W and Behringer RR. 1995. «Requirement for Lim1 in head-organizer function» . Nature 374: 425-430.

She, W. 1996. «Selective sex identification of foetus banned.»  China Population Today 13:15.

Sheil, P. 2005. «The gender puzzle: What do parents do when doctors say, 'it's a girl,' then change their minds?»  Stocton Record, August 28.

Shelbourne K.D, Davis T.J, Klootwyk T.E. 1998. «The relationship between intercondylar notch width of the femur and the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament tears. A prospective study» . Am J Sports Med May;26(3):402-8.

Sheldon S, Wilkinson S. 1998. «Female genital mutilation and cosmetic surgery: regulating non-therapeutic body modification» . Bioethics 12: 263-85.

Sheldon, B.C. et al. 1997. « Paternal genetic contribution to offspring condition predicted by size of male secondary sexual character» , Prac. R. Sac. London Ser. B 264, 297-302

Shepard, Todd. 2007. «Written in the Flesh: A History of Desire (review).»  Modernism/modernity 14:596-598.

Sherfey, M J. 1966. «The evolution and nature of female sexuality in relation to psychoanalytic theory.»  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 14:28-128.

Sheridan, Richard. 1985. Doctors and slaves: A medical and demographic history of slavery in the British West Indies, 1680-1834. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [End Page 253]

Sherman, P. W. et Jarvis, J. U. M. 2002. «Extraordinary life spans of naked mole-rats (Heterocephalus glaber)» . Journal of Zoology, 258, 307-311.

Sherwin, B.B. 1991. «The psycho endocrinology of aging and female sexuality» . Annual Review of Sexual Research 2:181-198.

Shetty, S., Kirby, P., Zarkower, D. and Graves, J.A. 2002. «DMRT1 in a ratite bird: evidence for a role in sex determination and discovery of a putative regulatory element» . Cytogenet Genome Res 99, 245-51.

Shields, Robert, and Arianne Heinrichs, eds. 2002, March. «A Trends Guide to Genetic Variation and Genomic Medicine» . Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Shields, Stephanie A. 1982. «The Variability Hypothesis: The History of a Biological Model of Sex Differences in Intelligence.»  Signs 7:769-797.

Shifren, K., Bauserman, R.L., Carter, D.B. 1993. «Gender role orientation and physical health: A study among young adults», Sex Roles, 29, p. 421-432.

Shim, Janet K. 2005. «Constructing 'Race' across the Science-Lay Divide: Racial Formation in the Epidemiology and Experience of Cardiovascular Disease.»  Social Studies of Science 35:405-436.

Shimamura, R., Fraizer, G.C., Trapman, J., Lau Yf, C., Saunders, G.F. 1997. «The Wilms' tumor gene WT1 can regulate genes involved in sex determination and differentiation: SRY, Mullerian-inhibiting substance, and the androgen receptor» . Clin. Cancer Res. 3, 2571-2580.

Shimizu, Celine Parreñas. 1999. «Master-Slave Sex Acts: Mandingo and the Race/Sex Paradox.»  Wide Angle 21:42-61.

Shine, R. and Harlow, P.S. 1996. «Maternal manipulation of offspring phenotypes via nest-site selection in an oviparous lizard» , Ecology77, 1808-1817

Shine, R., Elphick, M.J. and Harlow, P.S. 1995. Sisters like it hot, Nature378, 451-452

Shine, R., Elphick, M.J. and Harlow, P.S. 1997. «The influence of natural incubation environments on the phenotypic traits of  hatchling lizards» , Ecology78, 2559-2568

Shine, Richard, et Sohan Shetty. 2001. «The influence of natural selection and sexual selection on the tails of sea-snakes (Laticauda colubrina).»  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74:121-129.

Shinomiya, A., Otake, H., Togashi, K., Hamaguchi, S. and Sakaizumi, M. 2004. «Field survey of sex-reversals in the medaka, Oryzias latipes: genotypic sexing of wild populations» . Zoolog Sci 21, 613-9.

Shinomiya, A., Shibata, N., Sakaizumi, M. and Hamaguchi, S. 2002. «Sex reversal of genetic females (XX) induced by the transplantation of XY somatic cells in the medaka, Oryzias latipes» . Int J Dev Biol 46, 711-7.

Shopfner, C. E. 1969. «Intersexual problems» . Gp, 39 (1), 85-98. Available from:

Short R.V. 1994. « Why sex », pp. 3-22 in The Differences between the Sexes (R.V. Short & E. Balaban eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Shull, George Harrison. 1910. «Germinal Analysis Through Hybridization.»  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 49:281-290.

Shusterman, Richard. 2003. «Somaesthetics and The Second Sex: A Pragmatist Reading of a Feminist Classic.»  Hypatia 18:106-136.

Shuttleworth, Frank K. 1937. «Sexual Maturation and the Physical Growth of Girls Age Six to Nineteen.»  Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 2:i-253.

Shuttleworth, Frank K. 1959. «A Biosocial and Developmental Theory of Male and Female Sexuality.»  Marriage and Family Living 21:163-170.

Sibalis M.D. 1996. «The Regulation of Male Homosexuality in Revolutionary and Napoleonic France. 1789-1815» , in Merrick J., Ragan B.T., (dir.), Homosexuality in Modern France, New York, Oxford University Press, 80-101.

Sibalis M.D. 1999a. «Paris» , in Higgs D., (dir.), Queer Sites : Gay Urban Histories Since 1600, Londres-New York, Routledge, 10-37.

Sibalis M.D., 1999b, «Paris-Babylon/Paris-Sodom : Images of Homosexuality in the Nineteenth-Century City» , in West-Sooby J., (dir.), Images of the City in Nineteenth-Century France, Mooroka, Boombana Publications, 13-22.

Sibalis M.D. 2001a. « Les espaces des homosexuels dans le Paris d'avant-Haussmann », in Bowie K., (dir.), La modernité avant Haussmann: formes de l'espace urbain à Paris, 1801-1853, Paris, Éditions Recherches, 231-241.

Sibalis M.D. 2001b. «The Palais-Royal and the Homosexual Subculture of Nineteenth-Century Paris» , in Merrick J., Sibalis M.D., (dir.), Homosexuality in French History and Culture, New York, Harrington Park Press, 117-129.

Sibalis M.D. 2002. «Homophobia, Vichy France and the « Crime of Homosexuality »: the Origins of the Ordinance of 6 August 1942» , GLQ : A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 8, 301-318.

Sibilia, V, D Cocchi, F Pagani, A Pecile, et C Netti. 2000. «The influence of sex and gonadectomy on the growth hormone and corticosterone response to hexarelin in the rat.»  Life Sciences 68:321-9.

Sidis, Boris. 1919. «The source and aim of human progress (A study in social psychology and social pathology).»  Journal of Abnormal Psychology 14:91-143.

Sidley, P., 1996. «Botched circumcisions lead to arrest for murder» . Bmj, 313 (7058), 647. Available from:

Siebers, Tobin. 2001. «Disability in Theor y: From Social Constructionism to the New Realism of the Body.»  American Literar y Histor y 13(4):737-54.

Siebke, H. 1931. «Presence of androkinin in female organism» . Arch. J: Gynaek.. 146,417~462.

Sieff, Daniela F. et coll. 1990. «Explaining Biased Sex Ratios in Human Populations: A Critique of Recent Studies [and Comments and Reply].»  Current Anthropology 31:25-48.

Siegel D.B, Kuzma G, Eakins D. 1995. «Anatomic investigation of the role of the lumbrical muscles in carpal tunnel syndrome» . J Hand Surg [Am] September;20(5):860-3.

Siegel Watkins Elisabeth. 1998. On the Pill: A Social History of Oral Contraceptifs, 1950-1970, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Siegmund GP, Sanderson DJ, Myers BS, et al. 2003. «Awareness affects the response of human subjects exposed to a single whiplash-like perturbation» . Spine April 1;28(7):671-9.

Siffroi, J. P., S. Chantot-Bastaraud, et C. Ravel. 2003. «Origines géniques et chromosomiques des anomalies de la spermatogenèse: aspects cliniques et rapports avec les modèles animaux. Genetic origin of spermatogenesis impairments: clinical aspects and relationships with mouse models of infertility.»  Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 31:504-515.

Signorella, M. L., Bigler, R. S., & Liben, L. S. 1993. « Developmental differences in children's gender schemata about others: A meta-analytic review» . Developmental Review,13,147-183.

Sigward SM, Powers CM. 2006. «The influence of gender on knee kinematics, kinetics and muscle activation patterns during side-step cutting» . Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) January;21(1):41-8.

Siiteri, P.K., and Wilson, J.D. 1974. «Testosterone formation and metabolism during male sexual differentiation in human embryo» . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 38:113-125.

Silberman, Lauren. 1988. «Mythographic Transformations of Ovid's Hermaphrodite.»  The Sixteenth Century Journal 19:643-652.

Silberman, Steve. 1998. «We're teen, we're queer, and we've got e-mail» . In Richard Holeton (Ed.), Composing cyberspace: Identity, community, and knowledge in the electronic age (pp. 116-120). Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Silk, J. B. 1987. «Social behavior in evolutionary perspective» . In: Primate Societies (Ed. by B. B. Smuts, D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham & T. T. Struhsaker), pp. 318-329. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Silk, J. B. 1997. «The function of peaceful post-conflict contacts among primates» . Primates, 38, 265-279.

Silk, J. B., Clark-Wheatley, C. B., Rodman, P. S. et Samuels, A. 1981. «Differential reproductive success and facultative adjustment of sex ratios among captive female bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata)» . Animal Behaviour, 29, 1106-1120.

Silk, Joan B. 2002. «The Form and Function of Reconciliation in Primates.»  Annual Review of Anthropology 31:21-44.

Siller, S. 2001. «Sexual selection and the maintenance of sex.»  Nature 411:689-92.

Sills, E. S., Goldschlag, D., Levy, D. P., Davis, O. K., et Rosenwaks, Z. 1999. «Preimplantation genetic diagnosis: Considerations for use in elective human embryo sex selection» . Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 16(10), 509.

Silver L.M. 1993. «The peculiar journey of a selfish chromosome: mouse t haplotypes and meiotic drive» , Trends Genet. 9 (1993) 250-254.

Silver-Isenstadt, Jean L. 2007. «Science Has No Sex: The Life of Marie Zakrzewska, M.D. (review).»  Bulletin of the History of Medicine 81:886-887.

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux. 2006. «Integrating Feminism and Multiculturalism: Scientific Fact or Science Fiction?.»  Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 37:21-28.

Silverstone, Roger, Hirsch, Eric, & Morley, David. 1992. «Information and communication technologies and the moral economy of the household» . In Roger Silverstone & Eric Hirsch (Eds.), Consuming technologies, media and information in domestic space (pp.15-3& ). London: Routledge.

Simard, J., Moisan, A. M., Michel, L. C., and Morel, Y. 2003. «Males with 17[beta]-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency» . The Endocrinologist, 13 (3), 195-200.

Simmonds, M. 2004. «Patients and parents in decision making and management» . In: Balen, A. ed. Pediatric and adolescent gynaecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 205-228. Available from:

Simmons L.W., Firman R., Rhodes G. et Peters M. 2004. « Human Sperm Competition : Testis Size, Sperm Production and Rates of Extrapair Copulations », Animal Behaviour, 68 : 297-302.

Simmons LW, Parker GA, Stockley P. 1999. «Sperm displacement in the yellow dung fly, Scatophaga stercoraria: an investigation of male and female processes» . Am Nat, 153:302-314.

Simmons LW, Stockley P, Jackson RL, Parker GA. 1996. «Sperm competition or sperm selection: no evidence for female influence over paternity in yellow dung flies Scatophaga stercoraria» . Behav Ecol Sociobiol, 38:199-206.

Simmons, MN, et JS Jones. 2007d. «Male genital morphology and function: An evolutionary perspective.»  Journal Of Urology 177:1625-1631.

Simmons, L. W. & Gwynne, D. T. 1993. «Reproductive investment in bush crickets: the allocation of male and female nutrients to offspring» . Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 252, 1-5.

Simon, Rita. 1975. Women and Crime. Lexington, Massachusetts: D.C. Heath.

Simon, W. 1994. «Deviance as history: The future of perversion» . Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23 (1), 1-20.

Simpson, J. L., Ljungqvist, A., Ferguson-Smith, M. A., De La Chapelle, A., Elsas, L. J., 2nd, Ehrhardt, A. A., Genel, M., Ferris, E. A., and Carlson, A. 2000. «Gender verification in the Olympics» . Jama, 284 (12), 1568-1569. Available from: .

Sinclair A.H., Berta P., Palmer M.S., Hawkins J.R., Griffiths B.L., Smith M.J., Foster J.W., Frischauf A.M., Lovell-Badge R., Goodfellow P.N. 1990. «A gene from the human sex-determining region encodes a protein with homology to a conserved DNA-binding motif» , Nature 346 240-244.

Sinding, C. 2003. «Le Sexe des hormones: l'ambivalence fondatrice des hormones sexuelles » in I. Löwy et H. Rouch, La Distinction entre sexe et genre.

Sinding, Christiane. 1996. «Literary Genres and the Construction of Knowledge in Biology: Semantic Shifts and Scientific Change.»  Social Studies of Science 26:43-70.

Sinervo, Barry, Donald B. Miles, W. Anthony Frankino, Matthew Klukowski, et Dale F. DeNardo. 2000. «Testosterone, Endurance, and Darwinian Fitness: Natural and Sexual Selection on the Physiological Bases of Alternative Male Behaviors in Side-Blotched Lizards.»  Hormones and Behavior 38:222-233.

Singer, Peter. 1982. «Ethics and Sociobiology.»  Philosophy and Public Affairs 11:40-64.

Singer, Wolf. 1995. "Development and Plasticity of Cortical Processing Architectures." Science 270:758-64.

Singh L., Purdom I.F., Jones K.W. 1980. «Sex-chromosome associated satellite DNA: evolution and conservation» , Chromosoma 70 (1980) 137- 157.

Singh, D, et PM Bronstad. 2001. «Female body odour is a potential cue to ovulation.»  Proceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 268:797-801.

Singh, D, et VC Rosen. 2001. «Effects of maternal body morphology, morning sickness, gestational diabetes and hypertension on fluctuating asymmetry in young women.»  Evolution And Human Behavior 22:373-384.

Singh, D. 1993. «Adaptive significance of female physical attractiveness: Role of waist-to-hip ratio» , J. Personality Soc. Psychol. 65, 293307.

Singh, D., and Young, R. K. 1995. «Body weight, waist-to-hip ratio, breasts, and hips: Role in judgements of female attractiveness and desirability for relationships» , Ethol. Sociobiol. 16, 483

Singh, I., and Glassberg, K. I. 1993. «Congenital anomalies of the penis» . In: Hashmat, A. I., and Das, S. eds. The penis. Philadelphia: Lea & Feibiger, 25-34.

Singhal, P .C., R .K. Gupta, et L .D. Joshi. 1981. «Effect of sex on blood sugar levels in experimental animals.»  Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 19:1201-2.

SINGLY, F. (de). 2006. «La place de la variable du genre dans l'identité personnelle», dans M. Maruani (sous la direction de), Femmes, genre et sociétés, Paris, La Découverte.

Siris, Ethel S., Paul D. Miller, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Kenneth G. Faulkner, Lois E. Wehren, Thomas A. Abbott, Marc L. Berger, Arthur C. Santora, and Louis M. Sher wood. 2001. «Identification and Fracture Outcomes of Undiagnosed Low Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the National Osteoporosis Risk Assessment.»  Journal of the American Medical Association 286(22):2815-22.

Sissler Mary Ann. 2002. "The marketing of breast cancer", Breast Cancer Action Bulletin, septembre.

Skakkebaek N.E., Bancroft J., Davidson D.W., Warner P. 1981. «Androgen replacement with oral testosterone undecanoate in hypogonadal men: a double blind controlled study» . Clin Endocrinol (Oxf), 14:49-61.

Skaletsky, H., Kuroda-Kawaguchi, T., Minx, P.J., Cordum, H.S., Hillier, L., Brown, L.G., Repping, S., Pyntikova, T., Ali, J., Bieri, T., Chinwalla, A., Delehaunty, A., Delehaunty, K., Du, H., Fewell, G., Fulton, L., Fulton, R., Graves, T., Hou, S.F., Latrielle, P., Leonard, S., Mardis, E., Maupin, R., McPherson, J., Miner, T., Nash, W., Nguyen, C., Ozersky, P., Pepin, K., Rock, S., Rohlfing, T., Scott, K., Schultz, B., Strong, C., Tin-Wollam, A., Yang, S.P., Waterston, R.H., Wilson, R.K., Rozen, S. and Page, D.C. 2003 «The male-specific region of the human Y chromosome is amosaic of discrete sequence classes» . Nature 423, 825-37.

Skerr y, Tim, and Lance E. Lanyon. 1995. «Interruption of Disuse by Short Duration Walking Exercise Does Not Prevent Bone Loss in the Sheep Calcaneus.»  Bone 16(2):269-74.

Skerry, Tim. 2000. «Biomechanical Influences on Skeletal Growth and Development.»  In Development, Growth, and Evolution: Implications for the Study of the Hominid Skeleton, ed. Paul O'Higgins and Martin J. Cohn, 29-39. London: Academic Press.

Skinner, Charles E. 1933. «The Status of Instinct.»  Journal of Educational Sociology 6:538-549.

Skogsmyr, Io, et Asa Lankinen. 2002. «Sexual selection: an evolutionary force in plants?.»  Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 77:537-62.

Sköld, Helen Nilsson et coll. 2008b. «Hormonal regulation of female nuptial coloration in a fish.»  Hormones and Behavior 54:549-556.

Slaby R.G., Etfrable K.S. 1975. «Development of gender constancy and selective attention to same-sex models», Child Development, n°52, p.849-856.

Slama R, Je ́ gou B, Cordier S. 2006. « Breakthroughs in the study of the influence of environmental factors on male reproductive health» . Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2006;54:167-74.

Slater E. 1953. «Psychotic and neurotic illnesses in twins» . Med Res Counc, Spec Rep Ser 278:1-385.

Slaughenhoupt, B. L. 1997. «Diagnostic evaluation and management of the child with ambiguous genitalia» . Journal of the Kentucky Medical Association, 95 (4), 134-141.

Slaughenhoupt, B. L., and Van Savage, J. G. 1999. «The child with ambiguous genitalia» . Infectious Urology, 12 (4), 113-118. Available from:

Slauson, S. 1998, April. «Natural-born hermaphrodites» . Hustler, 24, 48-51, ill.

Slauterbeck JR, Fuzie SF, Smith MP, et al. 2002. «The menstrual cycle, sex hormones, and anterior cruciate ligament injury» . J Athl Train, September;37(3):275-8.

Slauterbeck JR, Hardy DM. 2001. «Sex hormones and knee ligament injuries in female athletes» . Am J Med Sci, October;322(4):196-9.

Slavotinek A, Schwarz C, Getty JF, Stecko O, Goodman F, Kingston H. 1999. «Two cases with interstitial deletions of chromosome 2 and sex reversal in one» . Am J Med Genet, 86:75-81.

Slijper, F. M. E., Drop, S. L. S., Molenaar, J. C., & de Muinck Keizer-Schrama, S. M. P. F. 1998. «Long-term psychological evaluation of intersex children» . Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27, 125-144.

Slijper, F. M. E., Drop, S. L. S., Molenaar, J. C., and Scholtmeijer, R. J. 1994. «Neonates with abnormal genital development assigned the female sex: Parent counselling» . Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 20 (1), 9-17.

Slijper, F. M., Drop, S. L., Molenaar, J. C., and De Muinck Keizer-Schrama, S. M. 2000. «Response to milton diamond and cheryl chase [letter]» . Arch Sex Behav, 29 (1), 119-121.

Slijper, F. M., Frets, P. G., Boehmer, A. L., Drop, S. L., and Niermeijer, M. F. 2000. «Androgen insensitivity syndrome (ais): Emotional reactions of parents and adult patients to the clinical diagnosis of ais and its confirmation by androgen receptor gene mutation analysis [in process citation]» . Horm Res, 53 (1), 9-15.

Sloane, S. J. 1999. «Postmodernist looks at the body electric: E-mail, female, and Hijra» . In Kristine Blair et Pamela Takayoshi (Eds.), Feminist cyberscapes: Mapping gendered academic spaces (pp. 41-61). Stamford, CT: Ablex.

Slob, A. K., Bosch, J. J. V. D. W. T., Hall, E. V. V., Jong, F. H. D., Schultz, W. C. M. W., and Eikelboom, F. A. 1993. «Psychosexual functioning in women with complete testicular feminization: Is androgen replacement therapy preferable to estrogen?»  Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 19 (3), 201-209.

Slotopolsky B. 1925. «Sexualchirurgie» . Zeitschrift für Sexualwissenschaft 12: 105-15.

Smail, P.J., Reyes, F.I., Winter, J.S., and Faiman, C. 1981. «The fetal hormonal environment and its effect on the morphogenesis of the genital system» . In: Kogan, S.J., and Hafez, E.S.E. (eds) Pediatricanthology. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.

Small, C.L., Shima, J.E., Uzumcu, M., Skinner, M.K., Griswold, M.D. 2005. «Profiling gene expression during the differentiation and development of the murine embryonic gonad» . Biol. Reprod. 72, 492-501.

Smedley, Audrey. 1998. «"Race" and the Construction of Human Identity.»  American Anthropologist 100:690-702.

Smiley, D. F. 1926. «Organization of the Health Program of a University.»  Public Health Reports (1896-1970) 41:2631-2649.

Smillie, David. 1996. «Human nature and evolution: Language, culture, and race.»  Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 19:145-156.

Smith C.A, McClive P.J, Western P.S, Reed K.J, Sinclair A.H. 1999. «Conservation of a sex-determining gene» . Nature 402:601-2.


Smith E.L, Smith K.A, Gilligan C. 1990. «Exercise, fitness, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis» . In:. Bouchard C, Shephard R.J, Stephens T, Sutton J.R, McPherson B.D, editors. Exercise, Fitness, and Health: A Consensus of Current Knowledge. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. p. 517-28.

Smith F.W, Smith P.A. 2002. «Musculoskeletal differences between males and females» . Sports Med Arthrosc 10(1):98-100.

Smith R.L. 1984. « Human Sperm Competition », pp. 601-659 in Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Mating Systems (R.L. Smith ed). Academic Press, Londres.

Smith Y, Cohen L, Cohen-Kettenis P. 2002. «Postoperative psychological functioning of transsexuals: a rorschach study» . Archives of Sexual Behavior 2002;31(3):255-61.

Smith Y, Van Goozen S, Kuiper A, Cohen-Kettenis P. 2005. «Sex reassignment: outcomes and predictors of treatment for adolescent and adult transsexuals» . Psychological Medicine 35:89-99.

Smith, K.L, P.L Cornelissen, et M.J Tovee. 2007. «Color 3D bodies and judgements of human female attractiveness.»  Evolution And Human Behavior 28:48-54.

Smith, R.L. 1986. «Sexual Selection And Animal Genitalia - Eberhard,Wg.»  Science 232:1029-1029.

Smith, C.A., McClive, P.J., Western, P.S., Reed, K.J. and Sinclair, A.H. 1999. «Conservation of a sex-determining gene» . Nature 402, 601-602.

Smith, C.J., Noll, J.A., Beckert Bryant, J. 1999. «The effect of social context on gender self-concept», Sex Roles, vol. 40, n° 5/6, p. 499-512.

Smith, Catherine. 1991. «Reconceiving hypertext» . In Gail E. Hawisher & Cynthia L. Selfe (Eds.), Evolving perspectives on computers and compositions studies: Questions for the 1990's (pp. 224-252). Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

Smith, E. P., Boyd, J., Frank, G., Takahashi, H., Cohen, R., Specker, B., Williams, T., Lubahn, D., and Korach, K. «1994. Estrogen resistance caused by a mutation in the estrogen-receptor gene in a man» . New England Journal of Medicine, 331 (16), 1056-1061.

Smith, Eric Alden et coll. 1994. «Inuit Sex-Ratio Variation: Population Control, Ethnographic Error, or Parental Manipulation? [and Comments and Reply].»  Current Anthropology 35:595-624.

Smith, G P. 1994. «Applied evolution. The progeny of sexual PCR.»  Nature 370:324-5.

Smith, J. Maynard, et E. Szathmáry. 1993. «The Origin of Chromosomes I. Selection for Linkage.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 164:437-446.

Smith, J. Maynard, et Josef Hofbauer. 1987. «The "battle of the sexes": A genetic model with limit cycle behavior.»  Theoretical Population Biology 32:1-14.

Smith, J. Maynard. 1978. «Optimization Theory in Evolution.»  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 9:31-56.

Smith, J. Maynard. 1980. «Models of the evolution of altruism.»  Theoretical Population Biology 18:151-159.

Smith, J. Maynard. 1985. «Sexual selection, Handicaps and true fintess.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 115:1-8.

Smith, J. Maynard. 1987. «On the equality of origin and fixation times in genetics.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 128:247-252.

Smith, J.M., Koopman, P.A. 2004. «The ins and outs of transcriptional control: nucleo-cytoplasmic shuttling in development and disease» . Trends Genet. 20, 4-8.

Smith, John Maynard. 1976. «Sexual selection and the handicap principle.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 57:239-242.

Smith, John Maynard. 1986. «Evolutionary game theory.»  Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena 22:43-49.

Smith, John Maynard. 1990. «The Evolution of Prokaryotes: Does Sex Matter?.»  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 21:1-12.

Smith, John Maynard. 1991. «Theories of sexual selection.»  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 6:146-151.

Smith, John Maynard. 2000. «The Concept of Information in Biology.»  Philosophy of Science 67:177-194.

Smith, Jonathan. 1995. «"The Cock of Lordly Plume": Sexual Selection and The Egoist.»  Nineteenth-Century Literature 50:51-77.

Smith, K L, et I S Tummon. 1997. «Sex or gender?.»  CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De l'Association Medicale Canadienne 156:1695.

Smith, L. L., & Hines, M. 2000. «Language lateralization and handedness in women prenatally exposed to diethylstillbestrol (DES)» . Psychoneuroendocrinology, 25, 497-512.

Smith, L., Van Hateren, N., Willan, J., Romero, R., Blanco, G., Siggers, P., Walsh, J., Banerjee, R., Denny, P., Ponting, C., Greenfield, A. 2003.» Candidate testis-determining gene, Maestro (Mro), encodes a novel HEAT repeat protein» . Dev. Dyn. 227, 600-607.

Smith, N H, J Maynard Smith, et B G Spratt. 1995. «Sequence evolution of the porB gene of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Neisseria meningitidis: evidence of positive Darwinian selection.»  Molecular Biology and Evolution 12:363-70.

Smith, Richard J. 2005. «Relative Size versus Controlling for Size: Interpretation of Ratios in Research on Sexual Dimorphism in the Human Corpus Callosum.»  Current Anthropology 46:249-273.

Smith, Richard J. et coll. 1996. «Biology and Body Size in Human Evolution: Statistical Inference Misapplied [and Comments and Reply].»  Current Anthropology 37:451-481.

Smith, Roger. 1972. «Alfred Russel Wallace: Philosophy of Nature and Man.»  The British Journal for the History of Science 6:177-199.

Smocovitis, V.B. 1994. «The Ant And The Peacock - Altruism And Sexual Selection From Darwin To Today - Cronin,H.»  Isis 85:349-351.

Smuts B B. 1995. «The evolutionary origins of patriarchy», Human Nature, n°6, p.1-32.

Smuts, B. B. 1985. Sex and Friendship in Baboons. New York: Aldine.

Staub, N. L. et de Beer, M. 1997. «The role of androgens in female vertebrates» . General and Comparative Endocrinology, 108, 1-24.

Smuts, Barbara. 1992. «Feminism, the Naturalistic Fallacy, and Evolutionary Biology.»  Politics and the Life Sciences 11:174-176.

Snaith P, Tarsch MJ, Reid R. 1993. «Sex Reassignment surgery. A study of 141 Dutch Transsexuals» . British Journal of Psychiatry 1993;162:681-5.

Snedden, WA. 1996a. «Lifetime mating success in male sagebrush crickets: Sexual selection constrained by a virgin male mating advantage.»  Animal Behaviour 51:1119-1125.

Snell, William E., et Dennis R. Papini. 1989. «The Sexuality Scale: An Instrument to Measure Sexual-Esteem, Sexual-Depression, and Sexual-Preoccupation.»  The Journal of Sex Research 26:256-263.

Snook, Rhonda R. 2001. «Sexual selection: Conflict, kindness and chicanery.»  Current Biology 11:R337-R341.

Snow-Harter, Christine, Mar y L. Bouxsein, Barbara Lewis, Dennis Carter, and Robert Marcus. 1992. «Effects of Resistance and Endurance Exercise on Bone Mineral Status of Young Women: A Randomized Exercise Intervention Trial.»  Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 7(7):761-69.

Snyder, H. M. I., Retik, A. B., Bauer, S. B., and Colodny, A. H. 1983. «Feminizing genitoplasty: A synthesis» . The Journal of Urology, 129 (May), 1024-1026.

Sobstyl, Edrie. 2004. «Re-radicalizing Nelson's Feminist Empiricism.»  Hypatia 19:119-141.

Socolow, Susan. 1996. «Economic roles of the free women of color of Cap Français» . In More than chattel: Black women and slavery in the Americas, ed. David Gaspar and Darlene Hine. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Soderman, K., E. Bergstrom, R. Lorentzon, and H. Alfredson. 2000. «Bone Mass and Muscle Strength in Young Female Soccer Players.»  Calcified Tissue International 67(4):297-303.

Sohn A.M. 1996c. « Les catholiques français entre abstinence et « apaisement de la concupiscence » « , in Eder F.X., et al., (dir.), Sexual Cultures in Europe. Themes in Sexuality, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 233-254.

Sohn, M.H.H., et K. Exner. 2008. «Genital reassignment surgery for transsexual people.»  Sexologies 17:283-290.

Soler, Colette. 2007. «L'hystérie, les hystériques.»  L'Évolution Psychiatrique 72:43-53.

Solomon, Bruce Peary. 1985. «Environmentally Influenced Changes in Sex Expression in an Andromonoecious Plant.»  Ecology 66:1321-1332.

Soltis, J, F Mitsunaga, K Shimizu, Y Yanagihara, et M Nozaki. 1997. «Sexual selection in Japanese macaques .1. female mate choice or male sexual coercion?.»  Animal Behaviour 54:725-736.

Soltis, J, F Mitsunaga, K Shimizu, Y Yanagihara, et M Nozaki. 1999a. «Female mating strategy in an enclosed group of Japanese macaques.»  American Journal Of Primatology 47:263-278.

Solveborn SA. 1997. «Radial epicondylalgia ('tennis elbow'): treatment with stretching or forearm band. A prospective study with long-term follow-up including range-of-motion measurements» . Scand J Med Sci Sports August;7(4):229-37.

Somerville, Siobhan. 1994. «Scientific Racism and the Emergence of the Homosexual Body.»  Journal of the History of Sexuality 5:243-266.

Somkuti, S. G., Semelka, R. C., Davenport, M. L., and Fritz, M. A. 1996. «Preoperative evaluation of intersex patients with pelvic magnetic resonance imaging in search of y chromosome-bearing gonadal tissue» . Fertility and Sterility, 65 (5), 1062-1064.

Song, X, G Li, J Vaage, et G Valen. 2003. «Effects of sex, gonadectomy, and oestrogen substitution on ischaemic preconditioning and ischaemia-reperfusion injury in mice.»  Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 177:459-66.

Sood, R., English, M.A., Jones, M., Mullikin, J., Wang, D.M., Anderson, M., Wu, D., Chandrasekharappa, S.C., Yu, J., Zhang, J. and Paul Liu, P. 2006. «Methods for reverse genetic screening in zebrafish by resequencing and TILLING» . Methods 39, 220-7.

Sörensen T. 1981. «A follow up study of operated transsexual females» . Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 64:50-64.

Sörensen T. 1981. «A follow-up study of operated transsexual males» . Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 63:486-503.

Sotiropoulos, A., Morishima, A., Homsy, Y., and Lattimer, J. K. 1976. «Long-term assessment of genital reconstruction in female pseudohermaphrodites» . The Journal of Urology, 115 (May), 599-601.

Soulier-Perkins, Adeline. 2001. «The Phylogeny of the Lophopidae and the Impact of Sexual Selection and Coevolutionary Sexual Conflict.»  Cladistics 17:56-78.

Sowers, Mar yfran. 1996. «Pregnancy and Lactation as Risk Factors for Subsequent Bone Loss and Osteoporosis.»  Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 11(8): 1052-60.

Spanier, Bonnie B. 1986. «Women's Studies and the Natural Sciences: A Decade of Change.»  Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 8:66-72.

Spanier, Bonnie. 1991. «Gender and Ideology in Science: A Study of Molecular Biology.»  NWSA Journal 3:167-198.

Spanier, Bonnie. 1995a. «Biological Determinism and Homosexuality.»  NWSA Journal 7:54-71.

Spanier, Bonnie. 1995b. «Stereotypes under the Microscope.»  The Women's Review of Books 12:25.

Spanos NP. 1986. «Hypnotic behavior, a social-psychological interpretation of amnesia, analgesia and «trance logic» » . Behav Brain Sci 9:449-502.

Spanos NP. 1987. «Hypnotic behavior: continuing commentary of the original article» . Behav Brain Sci 10:519-31.

Spanos, Nicholas P., et Jack Gottlieb. 1979. «Demonic possession, mesmerism, and hysteria: A social psychological perspective on their historical interrelations.»  Journal of Abnormal Psychology 88:527-546.

Sparling, P B, et K J Cureton. 1983. «Biological determinants of the sex difference in 12-min run performance.»  Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 15:218-23.

Spear, L. and Nur, N. 1994. «Brood size, hatching order and hatching date: effects on four life-history stages from hatching to recruitment in western gulls» , J. Anim. Ecol. 63, 283-289

Speiser, P. W., and New, M. I. 1994. «Prenatal diagnosis and management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia» . Clinics in Perinatology, 21 (9), 631-645.

Speiser, P. W., Heier, L., Serrat, J., New, M. I., and Nass, R. 1995. «Failure of steroid replacement to consistently normalize pituitary function in congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Hormonal and mri data» . Horm Res, 44 (6), 241-246.

Speiwak, V. M., 2000. «Der zwang der geschlechter» . Die Zeit. Available from:

Spence, H. M., and Allen, T. D. 1973. «Genital reconstruction in the female with the adrenogenital syndrome» . British Journal of Urology, 45, 126-130.

Spence, J.T., Bruckner C. 1995. «Masculinity and femininity: Defining the undefinable», dans P.J. Kalbfleisch, M.J. Cody (sous la direction de), Gender, Power, and Communication in Human Relationships, Hillsdale, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, p. 105-138.

Spence, J.T., Helmreich, R., Stapp, J. A. 1974. «The personal attribute questionnaire: A measure of sex-role stereotypes and masculinity-femininity», JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 4,43-44, MS 617.

Spence, J.T. 1993. «Gender-related traits and gender ideology: Evidence for a multifactorial theory », Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 624-635.

Spence, K.W. 1937. «Experimental studies of learning and the higher mental processes in infrahuman primates.»  Psychological Bulletin 34:806-850.

Spence, Sean A. 2006. «Hysteria: a new look.»  Psychiatry 5:56-60.

Spengler A. 1980. «Kompromissestatt Stigma und Unsicherheit» . Sexualmedizin 3 : 98-103.

Sperling, Susan. 1991. «Baboons with Briefcases: Feminism, Functionalism, and Sociobiology in the Evolution of Primate Gender.»  Signs 17:1-27.

Spira A. 1986. «Epidemiology of human reproduction», Human Reproduction, 1(2), p. 111-115.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty, with Elizabeth Grosz. 1984. "Criticism, Feminism and the Institution." In The Post Colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues/Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, ed. Sarah Harasym, 1-16. New York: Routledge.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty, with Ellen Rooney. 1994. "In a Word." Interview in The Essential Difference, eds. Naomi Schor and Elizabeth Weed, 151-84. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Sprague, Joey. 2001. «Comment on Walby's "Against Epistemological Chasms: The Science Question in Feminism Revisited": Structured Knowledge and Strategic Methodology.»  Signs 26:527-536.

Squier, S. 1999. «From Omega to Mr. Adam: The importance of literature for feminist science studies» . Science, technology and human values 24(1):132-58.

Sripathi, V., Ahmed, S. et al. 1997. «Gender Reversal in 47XX Congenital Virilizing Adrenal Hyperplasia» , British Journal of Urology 79, 785-89.

Srouf L.A. 1985. «Attachment classification from the perspective of infant-caregiver relationships and infant temperament», Child Development, n°56, p.1-14.

Stacey, Judith, et Timothy J. Biblarz. 2001. «(How) Does the Sexual Orientation of Parents Matter?.»  American Sociological Review 66:159-183.

Stacey, Judith. 1993. «Toward Kinder, Gentler Uses for Testosterone.»  Theory and Society 22:711-721.

Stafford, Mark C., and Omar R. Galle. 1984. "Victimization Rates, Exposure to Risk, and Fear of Crime." Criminology 22:173-85

Stamps, Judy A. 1995a. «Sociobiology: Its Evolution and Intellectual Descendants.»  Politics and the Life Sciences 14:191-193.

Stanfield, John H. 1995. «The Myth of Race and the Human Sciences.»  The Journal of Negro Education 64:218-231.

Stanley. Autumn, 1979. «Mothers of Invention" Women inventors revisited. In" Proceedinosfrom the 1979 National Convention of the Society of Women Engineers I: Professional Program SeleCted Papers, pp. 53-81. Society of Women Engineers, San Francisco.

Stannus, Hugh Stannus. 1914. «Congenital Anomalies in a Native African Race.»  Biometrika 10:1-24.

Stansfield, William D., et Matthew A. Carlton. 2007. «Human Sex Ratios and Sex Distribution in Sibships of Size 2.»  Human Biology 79:255-260.

Staples, Robert. 1973. «Male-Female Sexual Variations: Functions of Biology or Culture.»  The Journal of Sex Research 9:11-20.

Starcke, C. N. 1893a. «On Human Marriage.»  International Journal of Ethics 3:452-465.

Starká, L., Iva Šipová, et J. Hynie. 1975. «Plasma Testosterone in Male Transsexuals and Homosexuals.»  The Journal of Sex Research 11:134-138.

Steadman, J. M. 1935. «A Study of Verbal Taboos.»  American Speech 10:93-103.

Stearns, S C. 1985. «The evolution of sex and the role of sex in evolution.»  Experientia 41:1231-5.

Stearns, S C. 1987. «Why sex evolved and the differences it makes.»  Experientia. Supplementum 55:15-31.

Stecker, J. F., Horton, C. E., Devine, C. J., and Mccraw, J. B. 1981. «Hypospadias cripples» . Urologic Clinics of North America: Symposium on Hypospadias, 8 (3), 539-544.

Steel, F. L. D. 1962. «The Sexing of Long Bones, with Reference to the St Bride's Series of Identified Skeletons.»  The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 92:212-222.

Steele DG. 1976. «The estimation of sex on the basis of the talus and calcaneus» . Am J Phys Anthropol November;45(3 Pt. 2):581-8.

Stefan, H. 1957. «Surgical reconstruction of the external genitalia in female pseudohermaphrodites» . British Journal of Urology, 347-352.

Steffensmeier, Darrell, et Renee Steffensmeier. 1974. «Sex Differences in Reactions to Homosexuals: Research Continuities and Further Developments.»  The Journal of Sex Research 10:52-67.

Steffensmeier, Darrell. 1993. «National Trends in Female Arrests, 1960-1990: Assessments and Recommendations for Research.»  Journal of Quantitative Criminology 9:411-41.

Stehelin, L. 1976. «Science, women and ideology» . In: Rose, H. and Rose, S. ed. The Radicalisation of Science. London.

Stein C. 1961. « La castration comme négation de la féminité ». Rev Fr Psychanal XXV(2):221-42.

Stein M, Tiefer L, Melman A. 1990. «Follow-up observations of operated male-to-female transsexuals» . J Urol 143: 1188-92.

Stein, Arlene. 1989. «Three Models of Sexuality: Drives, Identities and Practices.»  Sociological Theory 7:1-13.

Stein, M. T., Sandberg, D. E., Mazur, T., Eugster, E., and Daaboul, J. J. 2003. «A newborn infant with a disorder of sexual differentiation» . Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 24 (2), 115-119.

Stein, R., Fisch, M., Bauer, H., Freidberg, V., and Hohenfeller, R. 1995. «Operative reconstruction of the external and internal genitalia in female patients with bladder exstrophy or incontinent epispadias» . The Journal of Urology, 154 (September), 1002-1007.

Steinbacher, R, et F D Gilroy. 1996. «Technology for sex selection: current status and utilization.»  Psychological Reports 79:728-30.

Steinberg, S.Novembre, 2001. Anatomie d'une double révolution. La Recherche.

Steiner, E., Woernle, F., Kuhn, W., Beckmann, K., Schmidt, M., Pilch, H., and Knapstein, P. G. 2002. «Carcinoma of the neovagina: Case report and review of the literature» . Gynecol Oncol, 84 (1), 171-175. Available from: .

Stella Nyanzi, Justine Nassimbwa, Vincent Kayizzi, et Strivan Kabanda. 2008. «'African Sex is Dangerous!' Renegotiating 'Ritual Sex' in Contemporary Masaka District.»  Africa: The Journal of the International African Institute 78:518-539.

Stemper BD, Yoganandan N, Pintar FA. 2004. «Gender- and region-dependent local facet joint kinematics in rear impact: implications in whiplash injury» . Spine, August 15;29(16):1764-71.

Stepan, Nancy Leys. 1986. «Race and Gender: The Role of Analogy in Science.»  Isis 77:261-277.

Stepan, Nancy. 1998. "Race, Gender, Science, and Citizenship." Gender and History 10.1, 26-52.

Stephens, J. Claiborne, et al. 2001. "Haplotype Variation and Linkage Disequilibrium in 313 Human Genes." Science 293: 489-93.

Stephenson, J. 1996. «Female olympians' sex tests outmoded» . Jama, 276 (3), 177-178. Available from:

Steptoe P.C., Edwards R.G. 1978. «Birth after the reimplantation of a human embryo», The Lancet, 2(8085), p. 366.

Stepulevage, Linda. 2001. «Gender/technology relations: Complicating the gender binary» . Gender and Education, 13(3), 325-338.

Sterelny, Kim. 2000. «Development, Evolution, and Adaptation.»  Philosophy of Science 67:S369-S387.

Sterling, Peter. 2004. "Principles of Allostasis: Optimal Design, Predictive Regulation, Pathophysiology, and Rational Therapeutics." Allostasis, Homeostasis, and the Costs of Adaptation. Ed. J. Schulkin. Cambridge: MIT p. 1-35. Forthcoming.

Stern D. N. 1983. « Le but et la structure du jeu mère-nourrisson », La Psychiatrie de l'enfant, XXVI, 1, 193-216.

Stern D. N. 1983. « Micro-analyse de l'interaction mère-nourrisson », La Psychiatrie de l'enfant, XXVI, 1, 217-235.

Stern M, Karraker KH. 1989. «Sex stereotyping of infants: A review of gender labeling studies» . Sex Roles 20(9/10):501-22.

Sterrer, Wolfgang. 2002. «On the origin of sex as vaccination.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 216:387-96.

Stevanovic M., Lovell-Badge R., Collignon J., Goodfellow P.N. 1993. «SOX3 is an X-linked gene related to SRY» , Hum. Mol. Genet. 12, 2013-2018.

Stewart, Abigail J., et Andrea L. Dottolo. 2006. «Feminist Psychology.»  Signs 31:493-509.

Stewart, Mary Lynn. 1997. «'Science Is Always Chaste': Sex Education and Sexual Initiation in France, 1880s-1930s.»  Journal of Contemporary History 32:381-394.

St-Hilaire, Colette. 1999. «Le paradoxe de l'identité et le devenir-queer du sujet: de nouveaux enjeux pour la sociologie des rapports sociaux de sexe», Recherches sociologiques, 3 : 23-42.

Stix, Regine K. 1937. «Research in Causes of Variations in Fertility: Medical Aspects.»  American Sociological Review 2:668-677.

Stix, Regine K., et Frank W. Notestein. 1934. «Effectiveness of Birth Control: A Study of Contraceptive Practice in a Selected Group of New York Women.»  The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 12:57-68.

Stockton, W. February 17. 1980. «On the brink of altering life» . New York Times Magazine.

Stoddart, D. Michael. 1986. «The Role of Olfaction in the Evolution of Human Sexual Biology: An Hypothesis.»  Man 21:514-520.

Stolar, C. J. H., Randolph, J. G., and Flanigan, L. P. 1990. «Cloacal exstrophy: Individualized management through a staged surgical approach» . Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 25 (5), 505-507.

Stolberg, Sheryl Gay. 2001. "Shouldn't a Pill Be Colorblind?" New York Times 2001, sec. Week in Review: 1+.

Stoleru S, Gregoire MC, Gerard D, Decety J, Lafarge E, Cinotti L, Lavenne F, Le Bars D, Vernet-Maury E, Rada H et al. 1999. « Neuroanatomical correlates of visually evoked sexual arousal in human males» . Arch Sex Behav, 28:1-21.

Stoller R. J. 1978. «The indications are unclear [Transsexualism: indications for surgical treatment]» , in J. P. Brady, H. K. H. Brodie (eds), Controversy in Psychiatry, Philadelphia, W. B. Saunders, pp. 846-855.

Stoller RJ. 1971. « Création d'une illusion: l'extrême féminité chez les garçons ». Nouv Rev Psychanal 1971;4:54-72.

Stoller, R J et coll. 1973. «A symposium: Should homosexuality be in the APA nomenclature?.»  The American Journal of Psychiatry 130:1207-16.

Stoller, R J, Et A C Rosen. 1959. «The intersexed patient.»  California Medicine 91:261-5.

Stoller, R J, et G H Herdt. 1982. «The development of masculinity: a cross-cultural contribution.»  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 30:29-59.

Stoller, R J, et G H Herdt. 1985. «Theories of origins of male homosexuality. A cross-cultural look.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 42:399-404.

Stoller, R J, et H J Baker. 1973. «Two male transsexuals in one family.»  Archives of Sexual Behavior 2:323-8.

Stoller, R J, et R H Geertsma. 1963. «The consistency of psychiatrists' clinical judgments.»  The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 137:58-66.

Stoller, R J, H Garfinkel, t A C Rosen. 1960. «Passing and the maintenance of sexual identification in an intersexed patient.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 2:379-84.

Stoller, R J, H Garfinkel, et A C Rosen. 1962. «Psychiatric management of intersexed patients.»  California Medicine 96:30-4.

Stoller, R J. 1964a. «Gender-Role Change In Intersexed Patients.»  JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 188:684-5.

Stoller, R J. 1964b. «The Hermaphroditic Identity Of Hermaphrodites.»  The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 139:453-7.

Stoller, R J. 1965. «The Sense Of Maleness.»  The Psychoanalytic Quarterly 34:207-18.

Stoller, R J. 1966. «Shakespearean tragedy: Coriolanus.»  The Psychoanalytic Quarterly 35:263-74.

Stoller, R J. 1966. «The mother's contribution to infantile transvestic behaviour.»  The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 47:384-95.

Stoller, R J. 1967. «"It's only a phase". Femininity in boys.»  JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 201:314-5.

Stoller, R J. 1967. «Effects of parents' attitudes on core gender identity.»  International Journal of Psychiatry 4:57-60.

Stoller, R J. 1967. «Etiological factors in male transsexualism.»  Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences 29:431-3.

Stoller, R J. 1967. «Transvestites' women.»  The American Journal of Psychiatry 124:333-9.

Stoller, R J. 1968. «A further contribution to the study of gender identity.»  The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 49:364-9.

Stoller, R J. 1968. «Male childhood transsexualism.»  Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 7:193-209.

Stoller, R J. 1968. «The sense of femaleness.»  The Psychoanalytic Quarterly 37:42-55.

Stoller, R J. 1969. «A biased view of "sex transformation" operations. An editorial.»  The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 149:312-7.

Stoller, R J. 1970. «Pornography and perversion.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 22:490-9.

Stoller, R J. 1970. «The transsexual boy: mother's feminized phallus.»  The British Journal of Medical Psychology 43:117-28.

Stoller, R J. 1971. «The term "transvestism".»  Archives of General Psychiatry 24:230-7.

Stoller, R J. 1972. «Etiological factors in female transsexualism: a first approximation.»  Archives of Sexual Behavior 2:47-64.

Stoller, R J. 1972. «Impact of new advances in sex research on psychoanalytic theory.»  Danish Medical Bulletin 19:287-301.

Stoller, R J. 1972. «Male transsexualism: uneasiness.»  Danish Medical Bulletin 19:301-6.

Stoller, R J. 1973. «Male transsexualism: uneasiness.»  The American Journal of Psychiatry 130:536-9.

Stoller, R J. 1972. «The "bedrock" of masculinity and femininity: bisexuality.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 26:207-12.

Stoller, R J. 1973. «Overview: the impact of new advances in sex research on psychoanalytic theory.»  The American Journal of Psychiatry 130:241-51.

Stoller, R J. 1973. «The male transsexual as 'experiment'.»  The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 54:215-25.

Stoller, R J. 1974. «Hostility and mystery in perversion.»  The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 55:425-34.

Stoller, R J. 1974. «Symbiosis anxiety and the development of masculinity.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 30:164-72.

Stoller, R J. 1974. «The Samuel Novey Lecture. Does sexual perversion exist?»  The Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 134:43-57.

Stoller, R J. 1976. «Primary femininity.»  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 24:59-78.

Stoller, R J. 1976. «Sexual excitement.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 33:899-909.

Stoller, R J. 1976. «Two feminized male American Indians.»  Archives of Sexual Behavior 5:529-38.

Stoller, R J. 1978. «Boyhood gender aberrations: treatment issues.»  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 26:541-58.

Stoller, R J. 1979. «Centerfold. An essay on excitement.»  Archives of General Psychiatry 36:1019-24.

Stoller, R J. 1979. «Fathers of transsexual children.»  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 27:837-66.

Stoller, R J. 1982. «Erotic vomiting.»  Archives of Sexual Behavior 11:361-5.

Stoller, R J. 1982. «Transvestism in women.»  Archives of Sexual Behavior 11:99-115.

Stoller, R J. 1967. «Transvestites' women.»  The American Journal of Psychiatry 124:333-9.

Stoller, R J. 1984. «Psychiatry"s mind-brain dialectic, or the Mona Lisa has no eyebrows.»  The American Journal of Psychiatry 141:554-8.

Stoller, R J. 1988. «Patients' responses to their own case reports.»  Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 36:371-91.

Stoller, R J. 1996. «Notes on Foucault.»  Psychoanalytic Review 83:12-20; discussion 11-2.

Stoller, R J. 1964. «A Contribution To The Study Of Gender Identity.»  The International Journal Of Psycho-Analysis 45:220-6.

Stoller, R J. 1970. «Psychotherapy of extremely feminine boys.»  International Journal of Psychiatry 9:278-80.

Stoller, R. J., 1968. «A further contribution to the study of gender identity» . Int J Psychoanal, 49 (2), 364-369. Available from:

Stone, Alison. 2003. «The Sex of Nature: A Reinterpretation of Irigaray's Metaphysics and Political Thought.»  Hypatia 18:60-84.

Stone, C.P. 1924. «Delay in the Awakening of Copulatory Ability in the Male Albino Rat Incurred by Defective Diets.»  Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 4:195-224.

Stone, C.P. 1925. «Delay in the awakening of copulatory ability in the male albino rat incurred by defective diets. II. Qualitative deficiency.»  Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 5:177-203.

Stone, C.P. 1938. «Activation of impotent male rats by injections of testosterone propionate.»  Journal of Comparative Psychology (1921) 25:445-450.

Stone, C.P. 1938a. «Effects of cortical destruction on reproductive behavior and maze learning in albino rats.»  Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 26:217-236.

Stone, C.P., M.L. Tomilin, et R.G. Barker. 1935. «A comparative study of sexual drive in male rats as measured by direct copulatory tests and by the Columbia obstruction apparatus.»  Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 19:215-241.

Stone, S. 1991. «The empire strikes back: A posttranssexual manifesto» . In: Body guards: The cultural politics of gender ambiguity. New York: Routledge, 280-304.

Storey, R. 2003a. «Humor and sexual selection.»  Human Nature-An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective 14:319-336.

Strain, Frances Bryce. 1935. «New Patterns in High-School Sex Teaching.»  Journal of Educational Sociology 8:342-352.

Strain, L., Dean, J. C. S., Hamilton, M. P. R., and Bonthron, D. T. 1998. «A true hermaphrodite chimera resulting from embryo amalgamation after in vitro fertilization» . New England Journal of Medicine, 338 (3), 166-169.

Strassmann, B.I. 1981. «Sexual Selection, Paternal Care, And Concealed Ovulation In Humans.»  Ethology And Sociobiology 2:31-40.

Strassmann, Beverly I. 1997. «The Biology of Menstruation in Homo Sapiens: Total Lifetime Menses, Fecundity, and Nonsynchrony in a Natural-Fertility Population.»  Current Anthropology 38:123-129.

Straus, William L. 1936. «The Thoracic and Abdominal Viscera of Primates, with Special Reference to the Orang-Utan.»  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 76:1-85.

Stringer, P, et T Grygier. 1976. «Male homosexuality, psychiatric patient status, and psychological masculinity and femininity.»  Archives of Sexual Behavior 5:15-27.

Strother Radcliff Kathryn. 1989. "Health technologies for women: Whose health? Whose Technology?", in Katherine Strother Radcliff, Healing Technology: Feminist Perspectives, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, pp. 173-198.

Stryker, J. 2000. «M or f? New frontiers in the treatment of intersex infants» . California Healthline, February 14. Available from:

Stryker, S. 1998. «The transgender issue », GLQ - A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 4,145-158.

Stryker, S. 1994. «My words to victor frankenstein above the village of chamounix» . GLQ: A Journal of Gay and Lesbian Studies, 1 (3), 237-254.

Stryker, S. 1997, July. «When a ma'am loves a woman» . San Francisco Focus, 30-33.

Stryker, Susan. 1998. «The Transgender Issue: An Introduction," GLQ 4 145-58.

Stuberg W, Temme J, Kaplan P, et al. 1991. « Measurement of tibial torsion and thigh-foot angle using goniometry and computed tomography» . Clin Orthop Relat Res, November;(272):208-12.

Sturman-Hulbe, M., et C.P. Stone. 1929. «Maternal behavior in the albino rat.»  Journal of Comparative Psychology (1921) 9:203-237.

Subrahmanyam, Kaveri, Kraut, Robert E., Greenfield, Patricia M., & Gross, Elisheva F. 2000. «The impact of home computer use on children's activities and development» . Future of Children, 10(2), 123-144.

Sudha, S. 1997. «Family Size, Sex Composition and Children's Education: Ethnic Differentials Over Development in Peninsular Malaysia.»  Population Studies 51:139-151.

Sueur L.P. 1996. « Le message médical français concernant les identités de genre : 2nde moitié du xixe siècle-fin du xxe siècle », Déviance et Société, 4, 359-374.

Sugimoto K, Takakura Y, Tohno Y, et al. 2005. « Cartilage thickness of the talar dome» . Arthroscopy April;21(4):401-4.

Sugiyama, L. S. 2005. «Physical attractiveness in adaptationist perspective» . In: The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology (Ed. by D. Buss), pp. 292-343. Hoboken, New Jersey: J. Wiley.

Suissa S. 2003. «Risk factors of poor prognosis after whiplash injury» . Pain Res Manag ;8(2):69-75. 198.

Hendriks EJ, Scholten-Peeters GG, van der Windt DA, et al. 2005. «Prognostic factors for poor recovery in acute whiplash patients» . Pain, April;114(3):408-16.

Summers, Kyle, et Bernard Crespi. 2008. «The androgen receptor and prostate cancer: A role for sexual selection and sexual conflict.»  Medical Hypotheses 70:435-443.

Sundby, A, et O Joakimsen. 1982. «Plasma testosterone in cows related to day of gestation and sex of the foetus, and plasma testosterone levels around parturition.»  Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 23:438-45.

Suomi S.J. 1999. «Attachment in Rhesus Monkeys», in Cassidy.J., Shaver P.R.: Handbook of attachment. Theory, research, and clinical applications, The Guilford Press, New York, London, pp. 181-197.

Sutcliffe A.G. 2002. «Health risks in babies born after assisted reproduction», British Medical Journal, 325(7356), p. 117-118.

Sutcliffe A.G., Taylor B., Saunders K., Thornton S., Lieberman B.A., Grudzinskas J.G. 2001. «Outcome in the second year of life after in-vitro fertilisation by intracytoplasmic sperm injection: a UK case-control study», The Lancet, 357(9274), p. 2080-2084.

Suter, Diane, et David Schweickart. 1998. «The Biology and Philosophy of Race and Sex: A Course.»  NWSA Journal 10:117-136.

Sutter, A.-L., I. Lacaze, N. Loustau, J.-Y. Paulais, et E. Glatigny-Dallay. 2005. «Troubles psychiatriques et période périnatale.»  Annales Médico-psychologiques, revue psychiatrique 163:524-528.

Suttie, Ian D. 1921. «The Significance Of The Sexual Instinct For Anthropology And Psycho-Pathology.»  The Lancet 198:1085-1088.

Sutton, A. 1998. « 'lesley': The struggle of a teenager with an intersex disorder to find an identity-its impact on the 'i' of the beholder» . In: Diceglie, D., and Freeman, D. eds. A stranger in my own body: Atypical gender identity development and mental health. London: Karnac Books, 237-248.

Suzuki, David. T, Leonie K. Piternick, Susi Hayashi, Mary Tarasoff, David, Baillie, and Udo Erasmus. 1967. "Temperature-Sensitive Mutations in Drosophila melanogaster, I. Relative Frequencies among Gamma-Ray and Chemically Induced Sex-Linked Recessive Lethals and Semilethals." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 57:907-12.

Suzuki, David. T. 1970. "Temperature-Sensitive Mutations in Drosophila melanogaster." Science 170:695-706

Svensson, E. 1997. «Natural selection on avian breeding time: causality, fecundity-dependent, and fecundity-independent selection» , Evolution 51, 1276-1283

Svernlov B, Adolfsson L. 2001. «Non-operative treatment regime including eccentric training for lateral humeral epicondylalgia» . Scand J Med Sci Sports December;11(6):328-34.

Swaab D.F, Chung W.C, Kruijver F.P, Hofman M.A. 2002. «Sexual differentiation of the human hypothalamus» . Adv Exp Med Biol 511:75-100. discussion 100-5.

Swaab D.F, Hofman M.A. 1990. «An enlarged suprachiasmatic nucleus in homosexual men» . Brain Res 537:141-148.

Swaab D.F. 2002. «Gender issues in brain structures and functions and their relevance for psychopathology, CH XIV» . In: D'Haenen H, Den Boer JA, Willner P, editors. Biological psychiatry, 1. Chichester (England): John Wiley. p. 1892009.

Swaab D.F. 2007. «Sexual differentiation of the brain and behaviour» . Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab, 21:431-444.

Swaab, D.F, and Hofman, M. 1995. «Sexual differentiation of the human hypothalamus in relation to gender and sexual orientation» . Trends in Neuroscience, 18 (6), 264-270.

Swaab, D.F., and Fliers, E. 1985. «Asexually dimorphic nucleus in the human brain» . Science 228:1112-1115.

Swaab, D.F., Chung, W.C., Kruijver, F.P., Hofman, M.A., Hestiantoro, A. 2003. «Sex differences in the hypothalamus in the different stages of human life» . Neurobiol. Aging 24 (Suppl. 1), S1-S16 (discussion S17-9).

Swaab, D.F., Chung, W.C., Kruijver, F.P., Hofman, M.A., Ishunina, T.A. 2001. «Structural and functional sex differences in the human hypothalamus» . Horm. Behav. 40 (2), 93-98.

Swaab, D.F., Chung, W.C., Kruijver, F.P., Hofman, M.A., Ishunina, T.A. 2002. «Sexual differentiation of the human hypothalamus» . Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 511, 75-100 (discussion 100-5).

Swaab, D.F., Hofman, M.A. 1990. «An enlarged suprachiasmatic nucleus in homosexual men» . Brain Res. 537 (1-2), 141-148.

Swain A. and Lovell-Badge R. 1999. «Mammalian sex determination: a molecular drama» . Genes Dev 13: 755-767.

Swain A, Narvaez V, Burgoyne P, Camerino G and Lovell-Badge R 1998. «Dax1 antagonizes Sry action in mammalian sex determination» . Nature 391: 761-767.

Swain A, Zanaria E, Hacker A, Lovell-Badge R and Camerino G. 1996. «Mouse Dax1 expression is consistent with a role in sex determination as well as in adrenal and hypothalamus function» . Nat Genet 12: 404-409.

Swain A, Zanaria E, Hacker A, Lovell-Badge R, Camerino G. 1996. «Mouse Dax1 expression is consistent with a role in sex determination as well as in adrenal and hypothalamus function» . Nat Genet 12:404-9.

Swaminathan, Padmini. 1991. «Science and Technology for Women: A Critique of Policy.»  Economic and Political Weekly 26:59-63.

Swan S.H, Main K.M, Liu F, Stewart S.L, Kruse R.L, Calafat A.M, et al. 2005. «Decrease in anogenital distance among male infants with prenatal phthalate exposure» . Environ Health Perspect 113:1056-61.

Sword, Gregory A., et Stephen J. Simpson. 2008. «Evolution: Radiotracking Sexual Selection.»  Current Biology 18:R955-R956.

Swyer, G. I. M. 1955. «Male pseudohermaphroditism: A hitherto undescribed form» . British Medical Journal, 709-712.

Symons D. 1995. « Beauty Is in the Adaptations of the Beholder : the Evolutionary Psychology of Human Female Sexual Attractiveness », pp. 80-118 in Sexual Nature, Sexual Culture (P.R. Abramson & S.D. Pinkerton eds). The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Symons, D. 1979. The Evolution of Human Sexuality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Szykman, M., Engh, A. L., van Horn, R. C., Funk, S. M., Scribner, K. T. & Holekamp, K. E. 2001. «Association patterns among male and female spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) reflect male mate choice» . Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 50, 231-238.

Synnott, Anthony. 1989. «Truth and Goodness, Mirrors and Masks - Part I: A Sociology of Beauty and the Face.»  The British Journal of Sociology 40:607-636.

Sytsma, S. 2006. «The ethics of using dexamethasone to prevent virilization of female fetuses» . In Ethics and intersex, ed. S. Sytsma, 241-58. London: Springer.

Szabo RM, Gelberman RH. 1987. «The pathophysiology of nerve entrapment syndromes» . J Hand Surg [Am] September;12(5 Pt. 2):880-4.

Szasz, G., and Elliot, S. 1992. «Management of intersex: Psychosexual considerations» . Brit Colom Med J, 500-501.

Szathmáry, E, et J Maynard Smith. 1997. «From replicators to reproducers: the first major transitions leading to life.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 187:555-71.

Szathmáry, E, et S Kövér. 1991. «A theoretical test of the DNA repair hypothesis for the maintenance of sex in eukaryotes.»  Genetical Research 58:157-65.

Szathmáry, E., et J. Maynard Smith. 1993. «The Evolution of Chromosomes II. Molecular Mechanisms.»  Journal of Theoretical Biology 164:447-454.