Biosex » Bibliographie » Articles
  • Imprimer cette page





Rabinovici J, Jaffe R. 1990. «Development and regulation of growth and differentiated function in human and subhuman primate fetal gonads» . Endocr Rev 11:532-57.

Rabinowitz, R. 1987. «Outpatient catheterless modified mathieu hypospadias repair» . Journal of Uroloty, 1074-1076.

Rabinowitz, V C, et V Valian. 2000. «Sex, sex differences, and social behavior.»  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 907:196-207.

Raboch, J., Kobilkova, J., Horejsi, J., Starka, L., and Raboch, J. 1987. «Sexual development and life of women with gonadal dysgenesis» . Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 13 (2), 117-127.

Raboch, Jan, et L. Starka. 1972. «Coital Activity of Men and the Levels of Plasmatic Testosterone.»  The Journal of Sex Research 8:219-224.

Racey, P. A. & Skinner, J. D. 1979. «Endocrine aspects of sexual mimicry in the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta)» . Journal of Zoology, 187, 315-328.

Radas CBPHG. 2004. «The coracoid impingement of the subscapularis tendon: a cadaver study» . J Shoulder Elbow Surg 13(2):154-9.

Radespiel, Ute et coll. 2002. «Sexual selection, multiple mating and paternity in grey mouse lemurs, Microcebus murinus.»  Animal Behaviour 63:259-268.

Radinsky, L. B. 1985. «Approches in Evolutionary Morphology: A Search for Patterns.»  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 16:1-14.

Radman, H. M. 1976. «Hypertrophy of the labia minora» . Obstetrics and Gynecology, 48 (1-Supplement), 78s-80s.

Rado S. 1933. «Fear of castration in women» . Psychoan Quart 2:425.

Raffalovich M.A. 1894a. « L'inversion », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 9, 216-218.

Raffalovich M.A. 1894b. « L'éducation des invertis », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 9, 738-740.

Raffalovich M.A. 1895a. » À propos du roman d'un inverti et de quelques travaux récents sur l'inversion sexuelle », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 10, 333-334.

Raffalovich M.A. 1895b. « L'affaire Oscar Wilde », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 10, 447-448.

Raffalovich M.A. 1895c. H »omosexualité et hétérosexualité. Trois confessions », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 10, 751-752.

Raffalovich M.A. 1903. « Affaire du Prince de Bragance », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 18, 159-160.

Raffalovich M.A. 1904. « Les groupes uranistes à Paris et à Berlin », Archives d'AnthropologieCriminelle, 19, 926-936.

Raffalovich M.A. 1905a. « Les groupes uranistes à Paris et à Berlin », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 20, 182-185 et 411-414.

Raffalovich M.A. 1905b. « À propos du syndicat des uranistes », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 21, 283-286.

Raffalovich M.A. 1907. « Chronique de l'unisexualité », Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle, 267, 606-632 et 767-780.

Raihani, Gina, Tamás Székely, M. Alejandro Serrano-Meneses, Christian Pitra, et Paul Goriup. 2006. «The influence of sexual selection and male agility on sexual size dimorphism in bustards (Otididae).»  Animal Behaviour 71:833-838.

Rajendran, R., and Hariharan, S. 1995. «Profile of intersex children in south India» . Indian Pediatr, 32 (6), 666-671.

Rajfer, J., Ehrlich, R. M., and Goodwin, W. E. 1982. «Reduction clitoroplasty via ventral approach» . The Journal of Urology, 128 (August), 341-343.

Rajfer, J., Mendelsohn, G., Arnheim, J., Jeffs, R. D., and Walsh, P. 1978. «Dysgenetic male pseudohermaphroditism» . The Journal of Urology, 119 (April), 525-527.

Rajimwale, A., Furness Iii, P. D., Brant, W. O., and Koyle, M. A. 2004. «Vaginal construction using sigmoid colon in children and young adults» . BJU International, 94 (1), 115.

Rajon A-M. 1998. « La naissance de l'identité dans le cas des ambiguïtés sexuelles ». Psychiatr Enfant 41(1):5-35.

Rajon, A.-M. 2008. «Ce que nous apprennent les parents d'enfants porteurs d'ambiguïté génitale.»  Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence 56:370-376.

Rajpert-De Meyts E. 2006. «Developmental model for the pathogenesis of testicular carcinoma in situ: genetic and environmental aspects» . Hum Reprod Update 12:303-23.

Rakic Z, Starcevic V, Maric J, Kelin K. 1996. «The outcome of sex reassignment surgery in Belgrade: 32 patients of both sexes» . Arch Sex Behavior 25: 515-25.

Ralls, K. 1976. «Mammals in which females are larger than males.»  The Quarterly Review of Biology 51:245-76.

Ralls, Katherine. 1980. «Comment on Lowe's "Sociobiology and Sex Differences".»  Signs 5:544-546.

Raman-Wilms, L., Tseng, A. L.-I., Wighardt, S., Einarson, T. R., and Koren, G. 1995. «Fetal genital effects of first-trimester sex hormone exposure: A meta-analysis» . Obstetrics & Gynecology, 85 (1), 141-148.

Ramazanoglu, Caroline. 1992. «What can you do with a man?: Feminism and the critical appraisal of masculinity.»  Women's Studies International Forum 15:339-350.

Ramesh R, Von Arx O, Azzopardi T, et al. 2005. « The risk of anterior cruciate ligament rupture with generalised joint laxity» . J Bone Joint Surg Br June;87(6):800-3.

Ramirez N, Johnston CE, Browne RH. 1997. «The prevalence of back pain in children who have idiopathic scoliosis» . J Bone Joint Surg Am March;79(3):364-8.

Ramming, K. P., Pilch, Y. H., Ralph D. Powell, J., and Ketcham, A. S. 1970. «Primary carcinoma in an artificial vagina» . The American Journal of Surgery, 120 (July), 108-112.

Rampen, F H. 1984. «Sex differences in survival from cutaneous melanoma.»  International Journal of Dermatology 23:444-52.

Ramsay, M., Bernstein, R., Zwane, E., Page, D. C., and Jenkins, T. 1988. «Xx true hermaphroditism in southern african blacks: An enigma of primary sexual differentiation» . American Journal of Human Genetics, 43, 4-13.

Randolph, J., and Hung, W. 1970. «Reduction clitoroplasty in females with hypertrophied clitoris» . Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 5, 224-230.

Randolph, J., Hung, W., and Rathlev, M. C. 1981. «Clitoroplasty for females born with ambiguous genitalia: A long-term study of 37 patients» . Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 1 (6), 882-887.

Rangecroft, L. 2003. «Surgical management of ambiguous genitalia» . Arch Dis Child, 88 (9), 799-801.

Rantala, MJ, CJP Enksson, A Vainikka, et R Kortet. 2006. «Male steroid hormones and female preference for male body odor.»  Evolution And Human Behavior 27:259-269.

Rapp, R. 1997. «Real time fetus: The role of the sonogram in the age of monitored reproduction» . In Cyborgs and citadels, ed. G. L. Downey and J. Dumit. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press.

Rapp, R. 1999. Testing women, testing the fetus: The social impact of amniocentesis in America. New York: Routledge.

Rapp, Rayna. 2001. «Gender, Body, Biomedicine: How Some Feminist Concerns Dragged Reproduction to the Center of Social Theory.»  Medical Anthropology Quarterly 15:466-477.

Rappold G.A. 1993. «The pseudoautosomal regions of the human sex chromosomes» , Hum. Genet. 92, 315-324.

Rashevsky, N. 1934. «Foundations of Mathematical Biophysics.»  Philosophy of Science 1:176-196.

Raskin, L. A., Maital, S., & Bornstein, M. H. 1983. «Perceptual categorization of color: A life-span study» . Psychological Research, 45, 135-145.

Rasmussen, Nicolas. 2001. «Plant Hormones in War and Peace: Science, Industry, and Government in the Development of Herbicides in 1940s America.»  Isis 92:291-316.

Rathmell J.P, Viscomi C.M, Bernstein I.M. 2000. «Managing pain during pregnancy and lactation» . In: Raj P, editor. Practical Management of Pain 3rd ed. St. Loui, MO: Mosby, Inc. p. 196-211.

Rattray, R. F. 1931. «An Outline of Genetic Psychology: According to the Theory of Inherited Mind.»  Philosophy 6:347-364.

Rattray, R. S., D. Westermann, et M. Fortes. 1933. «The Tribes of the Ashanti Hinterland.»  Journal of the Royal African Society 32:87-93.

Rauchfleisch D, Barth D, Battegay R. 1998. «Resuktate einer Langzeitkatamnese von Transsexuellen ». Nervenarzt 9 : 799-805.

Ravel, C., S. Chantot-Bastaraud, et J. -P. Siffroi. 2004. «Aspects moléculaires du déterminisme sexuel: régulation génique et pathologie.»  Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 32:584-594.

Ravindra, R. P. 1987. «Struggle against Sex Determination Techniques: Unfinished Battle.»  Economic and Political Weekly 22:490-492.

Ray, Sheri Graner. 2004. «Gender inclusive game design: Expanding the market» . Hingham, MA: Charles River Media.C.A. Reilly / Computers and Composition 21 (2004) 363-385 385

Raymond CS, Murphy MW, O'Sullivan MG, Bardwell VJ and Zarkower D. 2000. «Dmrt1, a gene related to worm and fly sexual regulators, is required for mammalian testis differentiation» . Genes Dev 14: 2587-2595.

Raymond CS, Shamu CE, Shen MM, Seifert KJ, Hirsch B, Hodgkin J et al. 1998. «Evidence for evolutionary conservation of sex-determining genes» . Nature 391: 691-695.

Raymond, C.S., Kettlewell, J.R., Hirsch, B., Bardwell, V.J. and Zarkower, D. 1999. «Expression of Dmrt1 in the genital ridge of mouse and chicken embryos suggests a role in vertebrate sexual development» . Dev. Biol. 215, 208-220.

Raymond, C.S., Parker, E.D., Kettlewell, J.R., Brown, L.G., Page, D.C., Kusz, K., Jaruzelska, J., Reinberg, Y., Flejter, W.L., Bardwell, V.J., Hirsch, B. and Zarkower, D. 1999. «A region of human chromosome 9p required for testis development contains two genes related to known sexual regulators» . Hum. Mol. Genet. 8, 989-996.

Rebreyend A.C. 2005. « Comment écrire l'histoire des sexualités au xxe siècle ? Bilan historiographique comparé français/anglo-américain », Clio, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés, 22, 185-209.

REBREYEND A.C. 2006. « Genre et histoire des sexualité au XXe siècle », Historiens et Géographes, 394, 93-100. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences Humaines

Rechenberger, I. 1995. « psychosocial aspects of intersexuality and transsexualism ». Gynakologe, 28 (1), 54-58. Available from:

Redfield, R J. 1994. «Male mutation rates and the cost of sex for females.»  Nature 369:145-7.

Redfield, R J. 2001. «Do bacteria have sex?»  Nature Reviews. Genetics 2:634-9.

Reed, James. 1996. «Science in the Bedroom: A History of Sex Research (review).»  Bulletin of the History of Medicine 70:164-165.

Reeser, J. C. 2005. «Gender identity and sport: Is the playing field level?»  Br J Sports Med, 39 (10), 695-699. Available from: .

Reeve, H. K. & Ratnieks, F. L. W. 1993. «Queen-queen conflicts in polygynous societies: mutual tolerance and reproductive skew» . In: Queen Number and Sociality in Insects (Ed. by L. Keller), pp. 45-85. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Reeve, H. K. et Sherman, P. W. 1991. «Intracolonial aggression and nepotism by the breeding female naked mole-rat» . In: The Ecology of the Naked Mole-Rat (Ed. by P. W. Sherman, J. U. M. Jarvis & R. D. Alexander), pp. 337-358. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Reeve, H. K. 1991. «Polistes» . In: The Social Biology of Wasps (Ed. by K. G. Ross & R. W. Mathews), pp. 99-148. New York: Cornell University Press.

Regnard PML, Bourneville DM. 1876-1880. Iconographie photographique de la Salpêtrière. Paris : aux bureaux du Progrès médical, 3 vol.

Rehman J, Lazer S, Benet A, Schaefer L, Melman A. 1999. «The reported sex and surgery satisfactions of 28 postoperative male-to-female transsexual patients» . Arch Sex Behavior 28: 71-89.

Reich, David E., Stacey B. Gabriel, and David Altshuler. 2003. "Quality and Completeness of SNP Databases." Nature Genetics 33, 457-58.

Reichling, S.B. and Gutzke, W.H.N. 1996. «Phenotypic consequences of incubation environment in the African elapid genus Aspidelaps» , Zoo Biol. 15, 301-308

Reid, Inez Smith. 1975. «Science, Politics, and Race.»  Signs 1:397-422.

Reijo RA, Dorfman DM, Slee R, Renshaw AA, Loughlin KR, Cooke H, et al. 2000. «DAZ family proteins exist throughout male germ cell development and transit from nucleus to cytoplasm at meiosis in humans and mice» . Biol Reprod 63:1490-6.

Reijo, R. et al. 1995. «Diverse spermatugenic defects in humans caused by Y chromosome deletions encompassing a novel RNA- binding protein gene» , Nat. Genet. 10, 383-393

Reilly, J. M., and Woodhouse, C. R. J. 1989. «Small penis and the male sexual role» . Journal of Urology, 142, 569-571.

Reinbold, K., Kurtz, J. et Enquist, L. 2002. «Cryptic male choice: sperm allocation, strategies when female quality varies» . Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 115, 201-209.

Reiner William G, Gearhart John P. 2004. «Discordant sexual identity in some genetic males with cloacal exstrophy assigned as female sex at birth» . N Engl J Med 350(4):333-41.

Reiner, W. 1997. «To be male or female-that is the question» . Archivesof Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 151:224-225.

Reiner, W. G. 1996. «Case study: Sex reassignment in a teenage girl» . Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35 (6), 799-803.

Reiner, W. G. 1997. «Sex assignment in the neonate with intersex or inadequate genitalia» . Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 151 (10), 1044-1045.

Reiner, W. G. 1999. «Assignment of sex in neonates with ambiguous genitalia» . Current Opinions in Pediatrics, 11 (4), 363-365.

Reiner, W. G. 2004. «Mixed-method research for child outcomes in intersex conditions» . BJU Int, 93 Suppl 3, 51-53. Available from:

Reiner, W. G., Gearhart, J. P., and Jeffs, R. 1999. «Psychosexual dysfunction in males with genital anomalies: Late adolescence, tanner stages iv to vi [see comments]» . J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 38 (7), 865-872. Available from:

Reiner, W.G. 2002. «Gender identity and sex assignment: a reappraisal for the 21st century» . Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 511, 175-189 (discussion 189-97).

Reiner, W.G., Kropp, B.P. 2004. «A 7-year experience of genetic males with severe phallic inadequacy assigned female» . J. Urol. 172 (6 Pt. 1), 2395-2398.

Reinisch, J. M. 1997. "Prenatal Exposure of Human Foetuses to Synthetic Progestin and Estrogen Affects on Personality." Nature 266:561-2.

Reinisch, J.M., and Sanders, S.A. 1984. «Prenatal gonadal steroidal influences on gender-related behaviour» . ProgressinBrainResearch 61:407-416.

Reinisch, June Macover, Mary Ziemba-Davis, and Stephanie A. Sanders. 1991. "Hormonal Contributions to Sexually Dimorphic Behavioral Development in Humans." Psychoneuroendocrinology 16(1-3):213-78.

Reis, E. 2005. «Impossible hermaphrodites: Intersex in America, 1620-1960» . J Am Hist 92(2):411-41.

Reis, Elizabeth. 2007. «Divergence or Disorder?: the politics of naming intersex.»  Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50:535-543.

Reiss, Ira L. 1982. «Trouble in Paradise: The Current Status of Sexual Science.»  The Journal of Sex Research 18:97-113.

Reiss, Ira L. 1986. «A Sociological Journey into Sexuality.»  Journal of Marriage and the Family 48:233-242.

Remontet, L., N. Mamelle, E. Locard, et Y. Lehingue. 1999. «Courbes de croissance de la naissance à 6 ans: croissance en poids, taille et périmètre crânien selon le sexe.»  Archives de Pédiatrie 6:520-529.

Rempel D, Keir P.J, Smutz W.P, et al. 1997. « Effects of static fingertip loading on carpal tunnel pressure» . J Orthop Res May;15(3):422-6.

Reno P.L., Meindl R.S., McCollum M.A. & Lovejoy C.O. 2003. « Sexual Dimorphism in Australopithecus afarensis Was Similar to that of Modern Humans », Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 100 : 9404 - 9409.

Reskin, Barbara F., et Shelley Coverman. 1985. «Sex and Race in the Determinants of Psychophysical Distress: A Reappraisal of the Sex-Role Hypothesis.»  Social Forces 63:1038-1059.

Resko, J.A., and Phoenix, C.H. 1972. «Sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations in plasma of rhesus monkey before and after castration» . Endocrinology 91:499.

Resnik, David B. 2001. «Difficulties with Regulating Sex Selection.»  The American Journal of Bioethics 1:21-23.

Reuter, E. B. 1927b. «The Relation of Biology and Sociology.»  The American Journal of Sociology 32:705-718.

Reuters Health. 2000. «Guidelines call for careful approach to newborns with ambiguous genitalia» . Reuters Health, July 11. Available from:

Reuters Health. 2000. «Us doctors urge caution on baby gender questions» . Reuters Health. Available from:

Revenin R. 2005. Homosexualité et prostitution masculines à Paris : 1870-1918, Paris, l'Harmattan.

Revol M, Servant JM, Banzet P. 2006. «Surgical treatment of male-to-female transsexuals: a ten-year experience assessment» . Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthetique 51(6):499-511.

Reyes F, Winter J, Faiman C. 1989. «Endocrinology of the fetal testis» . In: Burger H, de Kretser D, editors. The testis, Vol. 1. New York: Raven Press. p. 119-42.

Reynolds J.D. et Harvey P.H. 1994. « Sexual Selection and the Evolution of Sex Differences », pp. 53-70 in The Differences Between the Sexes (R.V. Short & E. Balban eds). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Reynolds J.D. 1996. «Animal breeding systems» Trends in Ecology and Evolution,11 (2): 68-72.

Rezcallah AT, Xu R, Ebraheim NA, et al. 2001. «Axial computed tomography of the pedicle in the lower cervical spine» . Am J Orthop January;30(1):59-61.

Reziciner S.1988. « La prévention des cystites postcoïtales récidivantes par l'hyménoplastie ». Annales d'Urologie 22: 446-51.

Rhéaume, E., Sanchez, R., Simard, J., Chang, Y. T., Wang, J., Pang, S., and Labrie, F. 1994. «Molecular basis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in two siblings with classical nonsalt-losing 3beta-hydrosteroid dehydrogenase deficiency» . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 79, 1012-1018.

Rhen, T. and Lang, J.W. 1995. «Phenotypic plasticity for growth in the common snapping turtle: effects of incubation temperature, clutch, and their interaction» , Am. Nat. 146, 726-747

Rhodes, Rosamond. 2001. «Acceptable Sex Selection.»  The American Journal of Bioethics 1:31-32.

Rice C.F, Killick S.R, Dieben T, et al. 1999. « A comparison of the inhibition of ovulation achieved by desogestrel 75 mg and lévonorgestrel 30 mg daily» . Hum Reprod 14:982-5.

Rice W.R. 1994. «Degeneration of a nonrecombining chromosome» , Science 263, 230-232.

Rice W.R. 1996. «Evolution of the Y chromosome in animals» , Bioscience 46 331-343.

Rice W.R. 1987. «Genetic hitch-hiking and the evolution of reduced genetic activity of the Y sex chromosome» , Genetics 116, 161-167.

Rice WR. 2000. «Dangerous liaisons» . Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 98:12953-12955.

Rice WR. 1996. «Sexually antagonistic male adaptation triggered by experimental arrest of female evolution» . Nature, 381:232-234.

Rice, G., Anderson, C., Risch, N., and Ebers, G. 1999. «Male homosexuality: absence of linkage to microsatellite markers at Xq28» . Science 284:665-667.

Rice, W.R. 1996. «Evolution of the Y sex chromosome in animals» , BioScience 46, 331-343

Rich, A. 1993. «Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence» . In H. Abelove, M. A. Barale, and D. M. Halperin (Eds.), The lesbian and gay studies reader (pp. 227-54). New York: Routledge.

Rich, Adrienne. 1981. «La contrainte à l'hétérosexualité et l'existence lesbienne», Nouvelles Questions féministes, 1, mars : 15-43.

Rich, Adrienne. 1993. « Compulsory heterosexuality and lesbian existence ». In The lesbian and gay studies reader, ed. Henry Abelove, Michèle Ann Barale, and David M. Halperin. New York: Routledge.

Rich, Paul. 1990. «Race, Science, and the Legitimization of White Supremacy in South Africa, 1902-1940.»  The International Journal of African Historical Studies 23:665-686.

Richard, A. F., et S. R. Schulman. 1982. «Sociobiology: Primate Field Studies.»  Annual Review of Anthropology 11:231-255.

Richards R.S, Bennett J.D. 1997. «Abnormalities of the hook of the hamate in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome» . Ann Plast Surg July;39(1):44-6.

Richards, Evelleen. 1989. « 'Huxley and Woman's Place in Science: The "Woman Question" and the Control of Victorian Anthropology' « in James Moore (ed.) History, Humanity, and Evolution: Essays for John C. Greene. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 253-284.

Richards, Evelleen, et John Schuster. 1989. «The Feminine Method as Myth and Accounting Resource: A Challenge to Gender Studies and Social Studies of Science.»  Social Studies of Science 19:697-720.

Richards, Evelleen. 1994. «A Political Anatomy of Monsters, Hopeful and Otherwise: Teratogeny, Transcendentalism, and Evolutionary Theorizing.»  Isis 85:377-411.

Richards, Evelleen. 1996. «(Un)Boxing the Monster.»  Social Studies of Science 26:323-356.

Richards, Florence H. 1914. «Physical Training with Special Corrective Work and Hygiene (Including Sex Hygiene) in Girls' High Schools.»  The School Review 22:157-164.

Richards, Oscar W. 1923a. «The Present Status of Biology in the Secondary Schools.»  The School Review 31:143-146.

Richards, Robert J. 1977. «The Natural Selection Model of Conceptual Evolution.»  Philosophy of Science 44:494-501.

Richards, Robert J. 1982. «The Emergence of Evolutionary Biology of Behaviour in the Early Nineteenth Century.»  The British Journal for the History of Science 15:241-280.

Richards, Stephen M. et coll. 2005. «Androgen regulation of gene expression in the mouse lacrimal gland.»  The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 96:401-413.

Richardson JK, Green DF, Jamieson SC, et al. 2001. «Gender, body mass and age as risk factors for ulnar mononeuropathy at the elbow» . Muscle Nerve April;24(4):551-4.

Richardson, Robert C. 1984. «Biology and Ideology: The Interpenetration of Science and Values.»  Philosophy of Science 51:396-420.

Richardson, Robert C. 2000. «Epicycles and Explanations in Evolutionary Psychology.»  Psychological Inquiry 11:46-49.

Richmond, Winifred V. 1935. «Sex Problems of Adolescence.»  Journal of Educational Sociology 8:333-341.

Riddle, John M. 1998. «Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages: Medicine, Science, and Culture (review).»  Bulletin of the History of Medicine 72:107-108.

Riddle, Oscar, et Louis B. Dotti. 1945. «Pituitary and Sex Hormones Which Increase Plasma Calcium in Birds and Mammals.»  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 89:499-516.

Riddle, Oscar. 1935. «Aspects and Implications of the Hormonal Control of the Maternal Instinct.»  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 75:521-525.

Ridgeway, Cecilia L. 1997. "Interaction and the Conservation of Gender Inequality: Considering Employment» . American Sociological Review 62:218-35.

Ridgeway, Cecilia L., and Lynn Smith-Levin. 1996. "Gender and Social Interaction» . Social Psychological Quarterly 59:173-5.

Riepert T, Drechsler T, Schild H, et al. 1996. « Estimation of sex on the basis of radiographs of the calcaneus» . Forensic Sci Int February 9;77(3):133-40.

Rigby, K, et BR Franks. 2001. «The mating mind: How sexual choice shaped the evolution of human nature.»  Psycoloquy 12:1-5.

Riger, Stephanie. 1997. "From Snapshots to Videotape: New Directions in Research on Gender Differences." Journal of Social Issues 53(2):395-409.

Rigsby, B. 1992. «Sex and gender, biology and culture» . In: Lupton, G., Short, P. M., and Whip, R. eds. Society and gender: An introduction to sociology. South Melbourne: Macmillan Education Aust. Pty, Ltd., 26-37.

Rikowski, A, et K Grammer. 1999a. «Human body odour, symmetry and attractiveness.»  Proceedings Of The Royal Society Of London Series B-Biological Sciences 266:869-874.

Riley, W. J. and Rosenbloom, A. L. 1980. 'Clitoral Size in Infancy', The Journal of Pediatrics 96(5), 918-19.

Rindos, David et coll. 1986. «The Evolution of the Capacity for Culture: Sociobiology, Structuralism, and Cultural Selectionism [and Comments and Replies].»  Current Anthropology 27:315-332.

Rink, R. C., and Adams, M. C. 1998. «Feminizing genitoplasty: State of the art» . World Journal of Urology, 1 (3), 212-218.

Rink, R. C., Pope, J. C., Kropp, B. P., Smith, E. R., Jr., Keating, M. A., and Adams, M. C. 1997. «Reconstruction of the high urogenital sinus: Early perineal prone approach without division of the rectum» . J Urol, 158 (3 Pt 2), 1293-1297. Available from:

Rios, D. 1997.»  Doc's quick look at baby determines path through life» . Chicago Tribune (Newhouse News Service), 23 Feb p. S13 11.

Rip, Arie. 1988. «Keller on Science Studies, or Reflexivity Revisited.»  Science, Technology, & Human Values 13:254-261.

Risch, N., Squireswheeler, E., and Keats, B.J.B. 1993. «Male sexual orientation and genetic evidence» . Science 262:2063-2065.

Risch, Neil, et al. 2002. "Categorization of Humans in Biomedical Research: Genes, Race, and Disease." Genome Biology 3.7 2007.1-2007.12.

Ritchey, M. L., Ralph C. Benson, J., Kramer, S. A., and Kelalis, P. P. 1988. «Management of müllerian duct remnants in the male patient» . The Journal of Urology, 140 (October), 795-799.

Ritchie, M.G. 1996. «The shape of female mating preferences» . Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.93, 14628-14631

Rittenhouse, C. Amanda. 1991. «The Emergence of Premenstrual Syndrome as a Social Problem.»  Social Problems 38:412-425.

Ritter, William E. 1921. «The Need of a New English Word to Express Relation in Living Nature: Part II.»  The Journal of Philosophy 18:480-497.

Ritzen, E. M., and Lajic, S. 2003. «Outcome of prenatal dexamethasone treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia» . The Endocrinologist, 13 (3), 219-223.

Rivto S, Solnit AJ. 1958. «Influences of early mother child interactions on identifications processus» . Psychanal Study Child XIII:64-5.

Rizzoli, R., and J.-P. Bonjour. 1999. «Determinants of Peak Bone Mass and Mechanisms of Bone Loss.»  Osteoporosis International 9 (Supplement 2): S17-S23.

Robboy, S. J., Milller, T., Donahoe, P. K., Jahre, C., Welch, W. R., Haseltine, F. P., Miller, W. A., Atkins, L., and Crawford, J. D. 1982. «Dysgenesis of testicular and streak gonads in the syndrome of mixed gonadal dysgenesis: Perspective derived from a clinicopathologic analysis of twenty-one cases» . Human Pathology, 13 (8).

Roberts, Celia. 2000. «Biological Behavior? Hormones, Psychology, and Sex.»  NWSA Journal 12:1-20.

Robertson, A. M. 1985. «Female dimorphism and mating behaviour in a damselfly Ischnura ramburi: females mimicking male» . Animal Behaviour, 33, 805-809.

Robertson, John A. (John Ancona). 2001. «Preconception Gender Selection.»  The American Journal of Bioethics 1:2-9.

Robertson, Stephen (Stephen Murray). 2001. «Separating the Men from the Boys: Masculinity, Psychosexual Development, and Sex Crime in the United States, 1930s-1960s.»  Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 56:3-35.

Robinson G.E. & Ben-Shahar Y. 2002. « Social Behavior and Comparative Genomics : New Genes or New Gene Regulation ?», Genes, Brain and Behavior, 1 : 197-203.

Robinson, M. R. & Kruuk, L. E. B. 2007. «Function of weaponry in females: the use of horns in intrasexual competition for resources in female Soay sheep» . Biology Letters, 3, 651-654.

Robinson, S.J., Manning, J.T. 2000. «The ratio of 2nd to 4th digit length and male homosexuality» . Evol. Hum. Behav. 21 (5), 333-345.

Robinson, T. L., C. Snow-Harter, D. R. Taaf fe, D. Gillis, J. Shaw, and R. Marcus. 1995. «Gymnasts Exhibit Higher Bone Mass than Runners despite Similar Prevalence of Amenorrhea and Oligomenorrhea.»  Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 10(1):26-35.

Rocheblave-Penle A.M. 1954. « Rôles masculins et féminins dans les états intersexuels ». Evol Psychiatr 2:281, 312.

Rochira, V., Balestrieri, A., Madeo, B., Spaggiari, A., Carani, C. 2002. « Congenital estrogen deficiency in men: a new syndrome with different phenotypes; clinical and therapeutic implications in men» . Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 193 (1-2), 19-28.

Rochira, V., Granata, A.R., Madeo, B., Zirilli, L., Rossi, G., Carani, C. 2005. « Estrogens in males: what have we learned in the last 10 years?»  Asian J. Androl. 7 (1), 3-20.

Rode, Karyn D., Sean D. Farley, et Charles T. Robbins. 2006. «Sexual Dimorphism, Reproductive Strategy, and Human Activities Determine Resource Use by Brown Bears.»  Ecology 87:2636-2646.

Rodman, P. S. 1999. «Whither Primatology? The Place of Primates in Contemporary Anthropology.»  Annual Review of Anthropology 28:311-339.

Rodseth, Lars, Richard W. Wrangham, et coll. 1991. «The Human Community as a Primate Society [and Comments].»  Current Anthropology 32:221-254.

Roelf, W. 2004. «Intersex children must be protected from temptation of parents to 'fix' them surgically» . Cape Times, December 1. Available from:

Roelofs, Wendell L., et Richard L. Brown. 1982. «Pheromones and Evolutionary Relationships of Tortricidae.»  Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13:395-422.

Roes, F. 1993. «An explanation of human male homosexuality» . Hum Ethol Newsletter 8(3).

Roeske, N. A., and Banet, A. G., Jr. 1972. «Gender identity. The problem of a true hermaphrodite» . J Am Acad Child Psychiatry, 11 (1), 132-156. Available from:

Roeske, N. A., and Mcadoo, W. G., 1973. «Gender identity. The problem of a true hermaphrodite. Ii» . J Am Acad Child Psychiatry, 12 (1), 137-141. Available from:

Rogers, Lesley J. 1988. "Biology, the Popular Weapon: Sex Differences in Cognitive Function." In Crossing Boundaries: Feminisms and the Critique of Knowledges, eds. Barbara Caine, E.A. Grosz, and Marie deLepervanche, 43-51. Sydney, AU: Allen and Unwin.

Rohatgi, M., Menon, P. S. N., Verma, I. C., and Iyengar, J. K. 1987. «The presence of intersexuality in patients with advanced hypospadias and undescended gonads» . The Journal of Urology, 137 (February), 263-267.

Rohrmann D, Jakse G. 2003. «Urethroplasty in female-to-male trans- sexuals» . Eur Urol 44:611e4.

Rojo Moreno J., Valdemoro C., Garcia Merita M.L., Tortajada M. 1996. «Analysis of the attitudes and emotional processes in couples undergoing artificial insemination by dono », Human Reproduction, 11(2), p. 294-299.

Rojo Moreno J., Valdemoro Garcia C., Garcia Merita M.L., Tortajada Martinez M.G. 1994, «Personality artificial insemination», Human Reproduction, 9(1), p. 172-175.

Rokas, Antonis. 2002. «Sexual selection driving spider diversification.»  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17:304.

Roldan, E.R.S. et al. 1998. « Inbreeding, fluctuating asymmetry, and ejaculate quality in an endangered ungulate» , Proc. R. Sac. London Ser. B 265, 243-248

Rolin, Kristina. 2002. «Gender and Trust in Science.»  Hypatia 17:95-118.

Rolin, Kristina. 2004. «Three Decades of Feminism in Science: From "Liberal Feminism" and "Difference Feminism" to Gender Analysis of Science.»  Hypatia 19:292-296.

Romanes,G.J. 1889. «Mr.Wallace on Darwinism» , Contemporary Review 56, 244-258.

Rommel, W. 2002. «Sexual selection and human behaviour.»  Social Science Information Sur Les Sciences Sociales 41:439-465.

Rommes, Els, Oost, Ellen van, & Oudshoorn, Nelly. 1999. «Gender and the design of a digital city» . Information Technology, Communication and Society 2, 476 - 495.

Roney, J.R. 2002. «The mating mind: How sexual choice shaped the evolution of human nature..»  Psycoloquy 13:1-5.

Ronsin F. 2001. « E. Armand et « la camaraderie amoureuse »: le sexualisme révolutionnaire et le combat contre la jalousie », Research Papers, 40 (article téléchargeable sur le site Internet :

Rooney, Phyllis. 1994. «Methodological Issues in the Construction of Gender as a Meaningful Variable in Scientific Studies of Cognition.»  PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:109-119.

Roosenburg, W.M. 1996. «Maternal condition and nest site choice: an alternative for the maintenance of environmental sex determination?»  Am. Zool. 36, 157-168

Root, Michael. 2003. «The Use of Race in Medicine as a Proxy for Genetic Differences.»  Philosophy of Science 70:1173-1183.

Rosario, Vernon A. 1997. "Homosexual Bio-Histories: Genetic Nostalgias and the Quest for Paternity," in Science and Homosexualities, ed. Vernon A. Rosario (New York: Routledge), 1-25.

Rosario, Vernon A. 2002. "Intersexes: The Molecular Deconstruction of Sex" (paper presented at the Feminist Research Seminar, Center for the Study of Women, University of California, Los Angeles, October 15, 2002).

Rosario, Vernon A. 1996. «Changing Sex: Transsexualism, Technology, and the Idea of Gender (review).»  Configurations 4:243-246.

Rosario, Vernon A. 2002. «Science and Sexual Identity: An Essay Review.»  Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 57:79-85.

Rosario, Vernon A. 2004. «The Biology of Gender and the Construction of Sex?.»  GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 10:280-287.

Rosario, Vernon A. 2004a. «Solitary Sex: A Cultural History of Masturbation (review).»  Bulletin of the History of Medicine 78:908-909.

Rosario, Vernon A. 2004b. «The Biology of Gender and the Construction of Sex?.»  GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 10:280-287.

Roscoe, W. 1987. «Bibliography of berdache and alternative gender roles among north american Indians» . Journal of Homosexuality, 14 (3-4), 81-171.

Roscoe, W. 1994. «How to become a berdache» . In: Herdt, G. ed. Third sex, third gender: Beyond sexual dimorphism in culture and history. New York: Zone Books.

Rose Hilary. 2000. « Colonising the Social Sciences ? », pp. 106-128 in Alas Poor Darwin. Arguments Against Evolutionary Psychology (H. Rose & S. Rose eds). Vintage, Londres.

Rose, Hilary. 2001. «Feminist Epistemology.»  Pp. 5457-5461 dans International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. Oxford: Pergamon (Accédé Mars 4, 2009).

Rose, Hilary. 1975. «La ciencia manipulada en una sociedad manipulada.»  Revista Mexicana de Sociología 37:81-94.

Rose, Hilary. 1983. «Hand, Brain, and Heart: A Feminist Epistemology for the Natural Sciences.»  Signs 9:73-90.

Rose, Hilary. 1988. «Comment on Schiebinger's "The History and Philosophy of Women in Science: A Review Essay".»  Signs 13:377-380.

Rose, Hilary. 1999. «Reflections on the Human Genome Diversity Project.»  Politics and the Life Sciences 18:328-330.

Rose, Tricia et coll. 1995. «Race and Racism: A Symposium.»  Social Text 1-52.

Roselli, C., J. Resko, and F. Stormshak. 2002. «Hormonal influences on sexual partner preference in rams» . Arch Sex Behav 31:43-49.

Roselli, C.E., Larkin, K., Resko, J.A., Stellflug, J.N., and Stormshak, F. 2004. «The volume of a sexually dimorphic nucleus in the ovine medial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus varies with sexual partner preference» . Endocrinology 145(2):478-483.

Rosen, Ismond. 1966. «The male response to frigidity.»  Journal of Psychosomatic Research 10:135-141.

Rosenberg, Alex. 2001. «How Is Biological Explanation Possible?.»  The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52:735-760.

Rosenberg, Noah A., et al. 2002. "Genetic Structure of Human Populations." Science 298: 2381-84.

Rosenblitt, D. 1991. «Some conjectures about the role of reconstruction in child analysis» . Child Analysis, 2, 16-33.

Rosenblum, Karen E. 1975. «Female Deviance and the Female Sex Role: A Preliminary Investigation.»  The British Journal of Sociology 26:169-185.

Rosenfield, Sarah. 1984. «Race Differences in Involuntary Hospitalization: Psychiatric vs. Labeling Perspectives.»  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 25:14-23.

Rosenqvist, G. 1990.» Male mate choice and femalefor mates in the pipefish, Nerophis ophidian» , Anim. Behav. 39, 1110

Rosenzweig, Mark R., Arnold L. Leiman, and Mark S. Breedlove. 1996. Biological Psychology. Berkeley, California.: University of California Press

Rosin, M. 2004. «Intersexuality and universal marriage» . ExpressO Preprint Series. Available from:

Rosin, M. forthcoming 2005 April. «Intersexuality and universal marriage» . In: Law and sexuality: A review of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender legal issues: Tulane University Law School.

Roslyn, J. J., Fonkalsrud, E. W., and Lippe, B. 1983. «Intersex disorders in adolescents and adults» . American Journal of Surgery, 146 (1983), 138-144.

Rosolato G. 1978. « Le narcissisme », in La relation d'inconnu (G. Rosolato), Paris, Gallimard, coll. « Connaissance de l'Inconscient », 1978, 143-176.

Ross MW, Need JA. 1989. «Effects of adequacy of gender reassignment surgery on psychology and adjustements : A follow-up of fourteen male-to-female patients» . Arch Sex Behavior 18 : 145-53.

Ross, A.J., Capel, B. 2005. «Signaling at the crossroads of gonad development» . Trends Endocrinol. Metab. 16, 19-25.

Ross, M.T., Grafham, D.V., Coffey, A.J., Scherer, S., McLay, K., Muzny, D., Platzer, M., Howell, G.R., Burrows, C., Bird, C.P., Frankish, A., Lovell, F.L., Howe, K.L., Ashurst, J.L., Fulton, R.S., Sudbrak, R., Wen, G., Jones, M.C., Hurles, M.E., Andrews, T.D., Scott, C.E., Searle, S., Ramser, J., Whittaker, A., Deadman, R., Carter, N.P., Hunt, S.E., Chen, R., Cree, A., Gunaratne, P., Havlak, P., Hodgson, A., Metzker, M.L., Richards, S., Scott, G., Steffen, D., Sodergren, E., Wheeler, D.A., Worley, K.C., Ainscough, R., Ambrose, K.D., Ansari-Lari, M.A., Aradhya, S., Ashwell, R.I., Babbage, A.K., Bagguley, C.L., Ballabio, A., Banerjee, R., Barker, G.E., Barlow, K.F., Barrett, I.P., Bates, K.N., Beare, D.M., Beasley, H., Beasley, O., Beck, A., Bethel, G., Blechschmidt, K., Brady, N., Bray-Allen, S., Bridgeman, A.M., Brown, A.J., Brown, M.J., Bonnin, D., Bruford, E.A., Buhay, C., Burch, P., Burford, D., Burgess, J., Burrill, W., Burton, J., Bye, J.M., Carder, C., Carrel, L., Chako, J., Chapman, J.C., Chavez, D., Chen, E., Chen, G., Chen, Y., Chen, Z., Chinault, C., Ciccodicola, A., Clark, S.Y., Clarke, G., Clee, C.M., Clegg, S., Clerc-Blankenburg, K., Clifford, K., Cobley, V., Cole, C.G., Conquer, J.S., Corby, N., Connor, R.E., David, R., Davies, J., Davis, C., Davis, J., Delgado, O., Deshazo, D. et al. 2005. «The DNA sequence of the human X chromosome» . Nature 434, 325-37.

Ross, Michael W. 1983. «Societal Relationships and Gender Role in Homosexuals: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.»  The Journal of Sex Research 19:273-288.

Rossaak, J, et A van Rij. 1999. «Genes by biology or culture?.»  The New Zealand Medical Journal 112:367.

Rossant J and Nagy A. 1995. «Genome engineering: the new mouse genetics» . Nat Med 1: 592-594.

Rosser Sue 2002 "An overview of women health in the US since the mid-1960s", History and Technology, 18(4), pp. 355-369.

Rosser, Sue V. 1991. «Eco-feminism: Lessons for feminism from ecology.»  Women's Studies International Forum 14:143-151.

Rosser, Sue V. 1998. «Applying Feminist Theories to Women in Science Programs.»  Signs 24:171-200.

Rossi, Alice S. 1977. «A Biosocial Perspective on Parenting.»  Daedalus 106:1-31.

Rossi, Alice S. 1984. "Gender and Parenthood." American Sociological Review 49:1-19

Rossi, Alice S. 1986. «Sex and Gender in an Aging Society.»  Daedalus 115:141-169.

Rossi, Alice S. 1995. «A Plea for Less Attention to Monkeys and Apes, and More to Human Biology and Evolutionary Psychology.»  Politics and the Life Sciences 14:185-187.

Rossiter, K., and Diehl, S. 1998. «Gender reassignment in children: Ethical conflicts in surrogate decision making» . Pediatric Nursing, 24 (1), 59-62.

Rostow, A. 1997. «Prime time not ready for intersex story» . San Francisco Bay Times, 18 September p. 6.

Rosvall, Kimberly A. 2008. «Sexual selection on aggressiveness in females: evidence from an experimental test with tree swallows.»  Animal Behaviour 75:1603-1610.

Rothbart M. et Taylor M. 1990. «Category labels and social reality: Do we view social categories as natural kinds?» ,in G. Semin et K. Fiedler (éds), Language, Interaction, and Social Cognition, p.11-36, London, Sage.

Rothman, B. K. 2001. The book of life: A personal and ethical guide to race, normality, and the implications of the human genome project. Boston: Beacon Press.

Rothstein, R. L., and Couch, R. M. 1992. «Management of intersex: Approach to ambiguous genitalia» . Brit Colom Med J, 493-495.

Rotmensch, J., Rosenshein, N., Dillon, M., Murphy, A., and Woodruff, J. D. 1983. «Carcinoma arising in the neovagina: Case report and review of the literature» . Obstet Gynecol, 61 (4), 534-536. Available from: .

Rouch H. 1995. «Les nouvelles techniques de reproduction: vers l'indifférenciation sexuelle ?», in A. Ducros, M. Panoff (dir.), La frontière des sexes (Le Sociologue), Paris, Puf, p. 251-269.

Roughgarden, J. 2007. «Challenging Darwin's theory of sexual selection.»  DAEDALUS 136:23-36.

Roughgarden, J., Oishi, M. & Akcay, E. 2006. «Reproductive social behavior: cooperative games to replace sexual selection» . Science, 311, 965-969.

Rouse, Joseph. 1991. «The Politics of Postmodern Philosophy of Science.»  Philosophy of Science 58:607-627.

Roush, Wade. 1995. «'Fat Hormone' Poses Hefty Problem for Journal Embargo.»  Science 269 (August 4): 672.

Rowland, David L. 1999. «Issues in the Laboratory Study of Human Sexual Response: A Synthesis for the Nontechnical Sexologist.»  The Journal of Sex Research 36:3-15.

Rowland, David L., et Arthur L. Burnett. 2000. «Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Male Sexual Dysfunction.»  The Journal of Sex Research 37:226-243.

Roy, Deboleena. 2004. «Feminist Theory in Science: Working Toward a Practical Transformation.»  Hypatia 19:255-279.

Rozzi SL, Lephart SM, Gear WS, et al. 1999. «Knee joint laxity and neuromuscular characteristics of male and female soccer and basketball players» . Am J Sports Med May;27(3):312-9.

Ruan, Fang-Fu, et Vern L. Bullough. 1988. «The First Case of Transsexual Surgery in Mainland China.»  The Journal of Sex Research 25:546-547.

Rubin Gayle. 1975. «The traffic in women: notes on the «political economy»  of sex» . In: Reiter Rayna R, editor. Toward an anthropology of women. New York: Monthly Review Press. p. 157-210.

Rubin, S.O. 1993. «Sex Reassignment Surgery male to female» . Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, supplementum, 154: 1-28.

Ruble, D. N., & Martin, C. L. 1998. «Gender development» . In W. Damon & N. Eisenberg (Eds), Handbook of child psychology, vol. 3 : Social, emotional, and personality development (5th ed.), 933-1016, New York : J. Wiley.

RUBLE (D. N.). 1994. «A phase model of transitions: Cognitive and motivational consequences», in M.Zanna (éd.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, vol.26,p.163- 214, New York, Academic Press.

Ruble D.N., Etstangor C. 1986. «Stalking the elusive schema: Insights from development and social-psycho- logical analyses of gender schemas», Social Cognition, n°4, p.227-261.

Rudolf, Etienne, et Christian Dournon. 1996. «Activity of peptidase-1, a sex linked enzyme, during larval development at normal or sex reversal rearing temperature and according to tissues in adults of Pleurodeles waltl (urodele amphibian).»  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology 115:177-186.

Ruff CB, Hayes WC. 1983. «Cross-sectional geometry of Pecos Pueblo femora and tibiae - a biomechanical investigation: II. Sex, age, side differences» . Am J Phys Anthropol March;60(3):383-400.

Ruggiu, M. et al. 1973. «The mouse Dazla gene encodes a cytoplasmic protein essential for spermatogenesis» , Nature 389, 73-77

Rupp, Heather A., et Kim Wallen. 2007. «Sex differences in viewing sexual stimuli: An eye-tracking study in men and women.»  Hormones and Behavior 51:524-533.

Ruscio, M. G. & Adkins-Regan, E. 2003. «Effect of female brooding behaviour on male mate choice in Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica» . Animal Behaviour, 65, 397-403.

Ruse, Michael. 1975. «Charles Darwin and Artificial Selection.»  Journal of the History of Ideas 36:339-350.

Ruse, Michael. 1976. «Sociobiology: Sound Science or Muddled Metaphysics?.»  PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:48-73.

Ruse, Michael. 1980. «Social Darwinism: The Two Sources.»  Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies 12:23-36.

Ruse, Michael. 1984. «Biological Science and Feminist Values.»  PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:525-542.

Ruse, Michael. 1987. «Is Sociobiology a New Paradigm?.»  Philosophy of Science 54:98-104.

Ruse,M. 1975. «Darwin's debt tophilosophy: anexaminationof the influence of the philosophical ideas of John F.W. Herschel and WilliamWhewell  on the development of CharlesDarwin's theory Of evolution» , Studies in history and philosophy of science 6, 159-181.

Rushton J.P. 1988. « Genetic Similarity, Mate Choice, and Fecundity in Humans », Ethology and Sociobiology, 9 : 329-333.

Rushton J.P. 1989. « Genetic Similarity, Human Altruism, and Group Selection », Behvaioral and Brain Sciences, 12 : 503-518.

Rushton J.P. 1995b. « Genetic Similarity Theory and Human Assoratative Mating : a Reply to Russel & Wells », Animal Behaviour, 50 : 547-549.

Rushton, J. Philippe, et C. Davison Ankney. 1993. «The evolutionary selection of human races: A response to Miller.»  Personality and Individual Differences 15:677-680.

Russell R.J.H. et Wells P.A. 1995. « Human Assortative Mating : More Questions Concerning Genetic Similarity Theory », Animal Behaviour, 50 : 550-553.

Russell, A. F., Carlson, A. A., McIlrath, G. M., Jordan, N. R. & Clutton-Brock, T. H. 2004. «Adaptive size modification by dominant female meerkats» . Evolution, 58, 1600-1607.

Russell, D.W., Wilson, J.D. 1994. «Steroid 5 alpha-reductase: two genes/two enzymes» . Annu. Rev. Biochem. 63, 25-61.

Russell, Violet, et Joan Malleson. 1937. «The problem of abortion.»  Public Health 51:101-106.

Rutgers, J. L. 1991. «Advances in the pathology of intersex conditions» . Human Pathology, 22 (9), 884-891.

Ruvinsky, A. 1997. «Sex, meiosis and multicellularity.»  Acta Biotheoretica 45:127-41.

Ruvolo, M. 1997. «Genetic Diversity in Hominoid Primates.»  Annual Review of Anthropology 26:515-540.

Ryan SD, Fried LP. 1997. «The impact of kyphosis on daily functioning» . J Am Geriatr Soc December;45(12):1479-86.

Ryan, MJ, SM Phelps, et AS Rand. 2001. «How evolutionary history shapes recognition mechanisms.»  Trends In Cognitive Sciences 5:143-148.

Ryan, Alan S. 1979. «Tooth Sharpening in Primates.»  Current Anthropology 20:121-122.

Ryan, M. A. 1990. «The argument for unlimited procreative liberty: A feminist critique» . Hastings Center Report, 20(4), 6-12.

Ryan, M.J. 1990. «Signals, species, and sexual selection» . Am. Sci.78, 46-52

Ryan, M.J. and Rand, A.S. 1993. «Sexual selection and signal evolution - the ghost of biases past.»  Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. B340, 187-195

Ryan, M.J. and Rand, A.S. 1993. «Species recognition and sexual selection as a unitary problem in animal communication» . Evolution 47, 647-657

Ryan, M.J. and Wilczynski, W. 1988. «Coevolution of sender and receiver: effects on local mate preference in cricket frogs» . Science 240, 1786-1788

Ryan, M.J. and Wilczynski, W. 1991. «Evolution of intraspecific variation in the advertisement call of a cricket frog (Acris crepitans, Hylidae)» . Biol. J. Linn. Soc.44, 249-271

Ryan, M.J. et al. 1992. « Auditory tuning and call frequency predict population-based mating preferences in the cricket frog, Acris creptians» . Am. Nat.139, 1370-1383

Rye, B. 2000. «Teaching about intersexuality: A review of hermaphrodites speak! And a critique of introductory human sexuality books» . Journal of Sex Research, 37 (3), 295-298. Available from:

Rye, B., Hart, S., and Humpartzoomian, R. 1998. «The relationships between erotophobia--erotophilia, homophobia, and negative attitudes toward intersexuality: An exploratory study» : presented at American Psychological Association Annual Convention.